Age crises of children: crisis calendar of the child and the advice of a psychologist
Calendar age crises of children, and the psychologist's advice on overcoming problems
Under the age of crisis psychologists mean the transition of the child from one stage of development to another. At this time, the child's behavior changes dramatically, and often not for the better. About what are age crises of children, and how to handle them, you learn from our article. See also: What to do with the vagaries of the child?
Calendar crises child
The crisis of newborn
The first psychological crisis of a child. Appears in 6-8 months . The kid mastered with new environmental conditions. He is learning to warm themselves, to breathe, to eat. But to communicate independently, he still can not, so it needs the support and assistance of parents.
To ease this period of adjustment, parents needhow to pay more attention to baby attention . take it on the handles, breastfeed, hug and protect from stress and anxiety.
Crisis one year
This transition period, psychologists have discovered very first, because at that time the kid begins to learn the world on his own . He begins to speak and walk. The child begins to understand that the mother, who is in the center of his world, has other interests, your own life. It begins to be afraid of being abandoned or lost . It is for this reason, only learning to walk a bit, the kids behave quite strange: every 5 minutes test where the mother, or in any way trying to achieve the maximum attention of parents.
At the age of 12-18 months the child tries to compare themselves with others and to take the first strong-willed decisions . Quite often this results in these "protests" against the previously established rules. Parents, it is important to understand that the baby is not helpless and he needs some freedom to develop.
Crisis 3 years
This is a very acute psychological crisis that manifests itself in 2-4 years . The child becomes almost unmanageable, his behavior difficult correctable. For all of your suggestions, he has one answer: "I will not," "do not want". Quite often the words are supported by actions: you say "go home", the kid runs away in the opposite direction, you say "get toy" and he purposely throws them. When the child something forbidden, he loudly shouts, stomping feet, and sometimes even trying to hit you. Do not be afraid! Your baby begins to realize himself as a person . This is manifested in the form of independence, activity, and perseverance.
In this difficult period parents should stock up on a special patient . Not worth the protests of the child screaming. much less punish him for it. So your reaction can worsen behavior of the baby, and sometimes causes the formation of negative traits.
However, clear boundaries to identify needs, and to recede from them it is impossible. If you give in to pity, the child will immediately feel it will be to try to manipulate you. Many psychologists recommend during severe hysteria the kid to leave alone . When there are no spectators, it becomes not interesting to be capricious.
The crisis of 7 years
This transitional period, the child is experiencing aged 6 to 8 years . During this period, children are actively growing, they have improved fine motor skills, continue to shape the psyche. To top it all, changes his social status, he becomes a schoolboy.
The child's behavior changes dramatically. is hebecomes aggressive, starts to argue with parents, to snarl and grimace . Parents used to be seen all the emotions of his child on his face, now he begins to hide them. Young students increased anxiety . they are afraid to be late for lessons or not to do homework. As a result, it lost appetite and sometimes even nausea and vomiting .
Try not to overload the child with additional classes. Let them first adapt in school. Try to treat him like an adult, give more independence. Assign a responsible child for the fulfillment of his personal Affairs. And even if he can't do something, continue to support the belief in yourself .
Teens in crisis
One of the most difficult crises, as their child becomes an adult. This period can begin, as at 11 and 14 years, and it lasts 3-4 years . In boys it lasts longer.
Teens at this age become short-tempered, easily excitable, and sometimes even aggressive . They are veryselfish, resentful, indifferent to friends and associates . They have dramatically falling grades, even in subjects that were previously easy. Their opinion and behavior pretty much begins to affect the circle.
It is time for the child to begin to treat already, as to a fully adult person whohe can take responsibility for their actions and make decisions . Remember that, despite independence, he still needs the support of parents .
How much is child transition periods! We are already nearing 2 years old, and I now understand why the baby gets so little amenable to control. There are moments when absolutely nothing I can do — for example, the child takes a crayon and wants to draw a battery, Wallpaper, carpets. Grandpa (my dad), of course, prohibits, and the child, not as a nervous, nothing to do with him! Fortunately, crayon yellow, and it is almost invisible.
In addition, now it is hard for a child to force anything to eat normally, except for the breast. And I believe that it's time to wean, although it's still bad for me.
My daughter is a year and a half old and she makes such a pretzel that our grandmother and grandfather are taken for a head. It takes that can not and does not want to give, we hide everything from it, when it finds something we change to a safer thing and it does not always work. A little screams louder than the sirens. And can lie on the floor and almost head to the floor to fight.