Planning interior design of any room, it is necessary to consider the lighting, because it can make the interior nearly perfect, and all his "kill". Usually have problems with lighting smaller areas for example, bathroom and kitchen. What should be kitchen lighting.
Features of the kitchen that the room is usually small, but multifunctional. few people in the house have a dining room, so the kitchen is used for cooking, and as a canteen. Yes, and friendly gatherings in the kitchen - not uncommon. Therefore, the lighting of the kitchen should take into account all these moments.
To plan the kitchen lighting you need at the beginning of the repair, to determine the kitchen design and the thought over arrangement of furniture. Early on the issue of kitchen lighting is not particularly thought of just hanging in the middle of one of the ceiling chandelier — and it's ready! But just for kitchen vertical lighting, forming shadows — not the best choice. Ideal variant is when each functional area of the kitchen separately illuminated. Therefore, it is most effective to combine different types of lighting: general, local and decorative.
Day, the kitchen usually is enough natural lighting. But there are some tricks that will help improve the natural lighting of the kitchen. So, for the decoration of walls and ceiling, it is best to use light colors reflecting light and thereby enhancing natural illumination. Visually increase the size of the kitchen and remove the sharp border between light and shadow will help glossy surfaces. Well, do not forget to wash windows: dirty windows can hold up to 30% of natural light. But in the evening you still need artificial lighting.
General kitchen lighting is designed to maintain ambient light level in the dark. This type of lighting should be bright but soft enough light without contrasts and harsh shadows. General lighting should be evenly distributed throughout the kitchen.
Overall light should be as natural. colored lights are not recommended: they will distort the color of the dishes you cook. Therefore, it is advised to give preference to fluorescent lamps. The sources of the total light can be built-in ceiling lights or chandelier. But all the same it is preferable to use several point ceiling lights, than one chandelier in the middle of the ceiling.
Note that the total light can't replace the lighting of functional areas. Therefore, it is important that the cooking area and dining area are lighted separately. If you have hanging cabinets, it is best to place the local lighting for the cooking area underneath them. This color, on the one hand, will illuminate the working surface well, on the other hand it will not strike the eye. It is convenient to use elongated lamps, then the light will be evenly distributed along the entire working surface. And for kitchens without hanging cabinets, stand-alone lamps are perfect.
And above the dining table, you can hang one or two lamps, pinning them about a meter above the level of the tabletop. If the dining table is in the center of the room, being a kind of accent, can be used as a source of high lighting a table lamp or chandelier right above the table. Than below a hanging lamp, the more intimate will be furnished (you can try the ceiling lamp on an elongated cord, the length of which can be adjusted).
To highlight the countertops need direct a focused beam of light. so it's better if the lampshade or lampshade of a lamp or chandelier opens only from the bottom. The lighting device should not be too powerful: a bright color creates sharp shadows that ugly distort the face and objects. The light circle must grasp the whole table top, so that there are no boundaries of light and shadow on the dining table.
By the way, in a very small or, conversely, very large kitchen, you can do a local lighting. General lighting of the kitchen in these cases is not required. In a small kitchen lamps in the functional areas able to replace General lighting, and a large "inactive" at the moment the area is just not lit.
Decorative kitchen lighting plan according to your taste - here already, as they say, the owner - the master. A very interesting detail, say, can be lit from the inside cabinets with translucent doors. The main thing is that the decorative lighting harmoniously combined with the main and local. You can use dimmers (rheostats) to adjust the intensity of lighting and, accordingly, the atmosphere in the kitchen.
Kitchen lighting should be harmonious and balanced. Planning it, start from the kitchen interior, because there is no universal lighting scheme: in every kitchen, it will certainly be individual.