Lately more and more common term "professional burnout". Well, if you don't have to deal with it – unfortunately, professional burnout affects many professions.

Professional burnout — is a special case of professional deformation. The term "burnout"(burnout)  first introduced into psychological practice by the American psychiatrist Freidenberg in 1974. The syndrome of professional burnout is associated with prolonged exposure to stress-forming factors of medium intensity associated with professional activity. In fact, professional burnout is a long chronic stress.

More than any other professional burnout is exposed to representatives occupations related to intellectual activities and socializing with people. journalists, doctors, school teachers and university professors, managers, etc. Professional burnout is characterized by feelings of indifference to the work colleagues (even if you previously were quite nice) and in general to everything going on. A person loses self-confidence, begins to blame himself for lack of knowledge, experience, competence and professionalism.

Professional burnout syndrome is accompanied by and physical symptoms. Since negative emotions are constantly accumulating, it can lead to depletion of the emotional and energy resources of the body. Depletion is expressed in fatigue, constant fatigue, sleep disturbances (insomnia), irritability, headaches, hearing loss and vision (which may seem unreasonable at first sight).

The emergence of the syndrome of professional burnout is significantly affectedthree factors  - Personal, role and organizational. Let's look at each of these factors in some detail.

The personal factor. Professional burnout is not affected by length of service, marital status and age. However, psychologists believe that burnout is more common in women than in men. Women are often more emotionally tend to experience failure in their professional activities and problems in communicating with colleagues.

Typically, professional burnout occurs in people who are soft, humane, prone to compassion. Such people are idealists, they are people-oriented. At the same time, they easily ignite the idea, get carried away, and this hobby can reach fanaticism. Simultaneously professional burnout syndrome is dangerous for the authoritarian, emotionally cold and reserved people with low levels of empathy.

Role-playing factor. Syndrome professional burnout is much less susceptible to the staff teams, which is even divided the duties and responsibilities of employees, competition is absent or minimized. A blurred or uneven distribution of responsibility for the professional actions, lack of coordination of joint efforts, the lack of integration of activities and competition increases the probability of professional burnout.

Organizational factor. Professional burnout syndrome is directly associated with intense emotional activity: the necessity of intensive communication, supported by emotions, intense perception, processing and interpretation of information, decision-making. Professional burnout causes unfavorable environment, improper organization and planning activities, bureaucracy, conflicts in the team, the need to work with psychologically difficult contingent (conflict clients, critically ill, difficult Teens, etc.).

Professional burnout is not a whim but a serious disease that can lead to unpleasant consequences, if you run it. At the first symptoms of professional burnout is to see a specialist  psychologist, and if these symptoms are physical, you may need to consult a therapist. To diagnose professional burnout, psychologists use special tests, and to combat it - special training and exercises.

Unfortunately, the struggle with professional burnout sometimes impossible without changing jobs. If you know that your work is something you are not satisfied (responsibilities, salary, team, head, etc.), if no training and exercises do not help to tune in a positive way and begin to work with enthusiasm, if you think your work is meaningless — you may have to change it. You don't want "burn out"?