Fear of heights
Do you know the feeling when you stand on the balcony of the flats, or ride the Ferris wheel, and you suddenly get dizzy, my hands turn cold and his legs buckled treacherously? Fear of heights or acrophobia is one of the most common phobias that mankind knows.
Fear of heights, of course, is each as component of the instinct of self-preservation. Here only at many fear of heights develops into a phobia. Acrophobia occurs in almost 5% of the world's population. Many people can not even guess for years that they have a fear of heights, but it's worth it for a person to be on the roof of a high-rise building or climb a high mountain, and then the phobia makes itself felt.
Often acrophobia goes hand in hand with aerophobia. that is, fear of flying when a person experiences extreme discomfort while on board an airplane or helicopter. But not necessarily. A person can quite normally feel in an airplane at an altitude of several thousand meters and at the same time experience panic fear while standing on a stool.
Symptoms of acrophobia are: shortness of breath, increased sweating, dizziness, dry mouth or vice versa increased salivation, accelerated heartbeat, lower body temperature, resulting in cold extremities, in addition, a person can not speak and think logically. The first reaction is to grab for something with a dead grip.
Psychologists share the fear of heights on two subspecies: fear of losing control and jumping from the height and fear of losing balance and falling.
Acrophobia can occur in humans even when he absolutely firmly on the ground. In this case, it is enough to look at someone who is at a significant height, whether it is an electrician on a high-voltage column or kiddies on the roof of the house. A person suffering from acrophobia subconsciously associates himself with that whom he sees, and this already causes him an attack of severe discomfort.
There are several causes of acrophobia. First of all, this is a weak vestibular system. A person becomes hard to move around at altitude, so how does the body balance, distorted distance estimation. In addition, the fear of heights was transmitted to us by inheritance from our ancestors as instinct of self-preservation. And the last thing is often the cause of acrophobia, is a trauma associated with height. People may not even remember this, especially if the drop occurred in early childhood. Many to develop fear of heights enough to fall out of the crib in infancy or fall out of a tree in kindergarten. The memory of that height should always be the pain turns into a haunting phobia.
What to do to those who showed fear of heights? You can not all your life hide from your fear, avoiding the many joys in life associated with the height.
Psychologists say that, like any phobia, vertigo is treatable. There are many techniques related to how to overcome acrophobia, even specialized clinics are opened that are engaged in helping people get rid of this disorder. But, having the strength of will and great desire, you can fight this problem yourself. First of all, it is necessary to understand that it is necessary for you, and not for someone.
The easiest way to get rid of fear to confront him face to face. To begin with, conduct a mental experiment: imagine that you jump with a parachute, climb to the top or you leave on the balcony of a skyscraper. Mentally step over your fear and try to bring it to the end.
The next step is action. The main condition of such therapy is safety. It is not necessary to climb on a rock without insurance or skydive without an instructor. Start small, try to think positively and assure yourself that you absolutely threatens nothing. Gradually increase the height to which you can climb.
A very important role in the treatment of acrophobia is played bypsychological support. If someone else is near you, you will feel more confident and calm. Will play its role and the desire to prove not only to yourself that you can do anything.
If independent attempts to overcome the fear of heights do not bring the desired result, most likely,the cause of fear lies in your childhood. Something that triggered the development of acrophobia. In this case, it is best to contact a psychologist. The expert will help to find out the reason of fear, and, knowing the reason, it will be easier to cope with the phobia itself.