Dependence on information
One of the beauties of time in which we live is the accessibility of information. We learn about the news in a matter of minutes, we can find almost any necessary information to us. But at any moment this beauty can turn into a big problem: many people nowadays is developing dependence on information.
Dependence on information is often confused with computer addiction. but to identify these dependencies it is impossible. Undoubtedly, most of the information we receive with the help of the computer and information dependence have arisen in the Internet age, when the flow of information has become almost unlimited. But information addiction is the dependence on the consumption of information from all available sources. Internet, television, radio, books, newspapers.
Dependence on information occurs due to the interaction of two factors. On the one hand, the flow of information that we face every day is very great. All this information can not be learned, let alone analyzed. On the other hand, instead of shielding ourselves from the excess of information, we are getting used to living in this information space. There is a need for constant information retrieval - information dependence.
The problem is that increases not only the amount of knowledge accumulated by mankind, but their availability. And everything available gradually depreciates, this happens with information. If you previously valued the ability to perceive, absorb and use information, now the main thing is to learn how to organize it and to filter out unnecessary information. The information flow is so huge that a person can not perceive and process it all.
A person suffering from dependence on information needs constant flow of data. Information becomes a drug for him. Morning begins with reading news or friends on the blog, in the transport he reads or listens to audiobooks, lunch breaks - again news or blogs, on the weekend - the Internet, books, movies. It seems that this is bad? At first glance it seems that a person simply tries to make good use of his time, because in the modern pace of life we do not have much time.
But the problem is that over time such information ceases to be. After receiving the next piece of information we need time to think, to analyze and draw conclusions. However, accustomed to perceive information in a non-stop, man ceases to process it. She is not delayed in the head, there is no desire to ponder and discuss it. It turns out that the person gets new knowledge and experience — and in fact the whole point of perception. We only used to consume and cease to analyze and creatively process information, and dangerous dependence on information.
The problem is compounded by the fact that dependence on information "feeds" the world around you. Radio and advertising in minibuses, taxis, supermarkets and other public places, TV or radio in the background at home - these are all sources of information. We can and do not pay attention to them, but the brain will still spend some of its resources on the perception and processing of this information.
Fuels the dependence on information and the Internet. The fact is that there are a lot of duplicate information in it - news and articles are written differently, and the essence is one. Some of the messages do not carry information value. And a lot of time is wasted on the Internet - to the detriment of leisure and even work.
How to deal with information addiction? For a start we need to reduce the number of incoming "background" information — turn off the TV and radio when they are not needed. In public places, listening to good music with the player, and not included anyone else's radio. To reduce the number of blogs in the friends list on read mailing lists and RSS feeds, leaving only the really important.
Periodically, you need to arrange a "fasting days". Of course, it's impossible to completely shield yourself from information, but, let's say, promise yourself that you will not be reading news or a friend's today. Or use the Internet only for work. In general, cut the incoming information flow at the expense of not the most necessary.
And finally, it is important to learn to work with information. Learn the principles of searching the Internet. not to "poke blindly", looking for the necessary information. Learn to highlight the main thing, find cause and effect relationships, draw conclusions. And, finally, humble yourself with the fact that no one can know everything: the amount of information in the world is too great for one person to be able to absorb it, not at least what to absorb.