Probably each of us at least once in life was coming home from the halfway point to check off whether iron. And it is quite normal. But if the thoughts on the iron plagued you every time you cross the threshold of the apartment, and there's nothing to do with them, it is worth considering: perhaps you have obsessive-compulsive disorder.

In most people, the phrase "mental disorder" is associated with schizophrenia in a straitjacket and padded walls. In fact, the spectrum of mental disorders is quite wide, and indeed, mental health is a relative concept, it is very hard in today's world to find completely physically and mentally healthy person. Therefore, the neurosis of compulsive states is not such a rare thing.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder called obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). A person suffering from this disorder involuntarily appear Intrusive thoughts and ideas obsessions. They disturb him or scare him. To get rid of them, the person begins to carry out Intrusive and tedious steps — compulsie. It happens that obsessive thoughts are based on well-founded fears and unrest, but they are practically brought to the point of absurdity.

One of the most well-known examples of OCD is compulsive hand washing. Washing hands after the street and before eating is a perfectly normal hygienic procedure. But it happens that the fear of microbes in a person goes off scale, and he washes his hands every free minute, avoids handshakes and touches. After washing his hands, the person calms down for a while, but then the fear of contracting rolls over again, and he again goes to wash his hands.

In varying degrees, obsessive-compulsive disorder are familiar to many of us. To some extent they are even useful: once more to check off, and not hurt. If the obsession does not interfere with you and does not affect others, it is not necessary to deal with it, everything is fine. But if such a sticky idea in the way you live should start to worry. perhaps you develop a compulsive disorder neurosis.

Obsessions are divided into three main types. intellectual (thoughts, memories, imagination), emotional (phobias — irrational fears) and the motor (the repetition of certain actions — rituals). In fact, the first two types in the foreground obsession, the third — compulsif. At the core of the action will still lie or fear (say fear of the disease), a thought-idea (the belief that a certain ritual will bring you good luck).

How to identify that OCD was the problem? If such States are of a continuous and protracted nature, accompanied by strong fear or are painful. in general, in every possible way prevent you from living, you should turn to a specialist. If the neurosis of compulsive states is expressed in the form of rituals, and satisfaction after their implementation is short-lived - you also have a problem.

The neurosis of compulsive states can be due to various causes. from stress to injuries and lesions of the brain, from overwork to mental illness. Theories regarding its causes, there are many. Some people are more susceptible to this syndrome than others. Predisposition to the development of OCD can be due to heredity, individual characteristics of the psyche and the level of intelligence, because the very nature of this disorder is based on complex patterns of thinking.

Overcome obsessive-compulsive disorder helps a psychiatrist after diagnosis   (an obligatory criterion is the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both). For treatment use psychotherapy, medication, physiotherapy. Depends on the choice of methods of treatment, including on the severity of the disorder (measured on a special scale). If obsessive conditions do not cause you discomfort and do not harm you or others, you do not need to consult a doctor.

To not have to go to the doctor, it is better to prevent the development of OCD. Obsession is at all, the main thing — do not let them get the best of him. Do not attempt to develop an obsession, not fantasize on this subject: the more you develop it, the more likely it is that based on the idea develop obsessive-compulsive disorder. But don't stop thinking about it in the form of an order: the more you try not to think about a pink elephant, the more you think about it.

Works best switching. As soon as you feel that some idea is too much for you to do, try to shift attention to some constructive activity that will absorb you completely. It could be writing a dissertation, embroidering a cross, working in a shelter for homeless animals - anything. In no case should you try to distract yourself from the idea with the help of alcohol and drugs: alcohol and drug intoxication only exacerbate OCD syndrome.

Don't let obsessive thoughts and ideas to ruin your life, fight with them. And if they still began to poison your existence, do not be afraid to see a doctor.