Thanksgiving: the national holiday of the United States
Thanksgiving Day one of the most famous national holidays of the United States. Although Thanksgiving is celebrated also in Canada, it is the tradition of American thanksgiving so familiar to us by Hollywood films.
The history of Thanksgiving connect with the first British settlers in the territory of the current US. The Thanksgiving Day in the Plymouth colony in 1621, conducted by the community of Puritan pilgrims, is one of the first such ceremonies.
The pilgrim fathers arrived in North America in November 1620 After a long journey from the English port of Plymouth. The hard road was not experienced by everyone, an unfamiliar land met the colonists with stony soils, unfamiliar plants and animals. With the help of local Indians, the pilgrims learned how to cultivate land, cultivate local cultures.
Next autumn, 1621 year, the colonists received an excellent harvest. It was then decided to hold the Thanksgiving Thanksgiving Ceremony to the Lord for the blessings sent - a ceremony that was destined to become a historic one. Indians of the local tribe who helped the pilgrims were also invited to the celebration.
Until 1941, Thanksgiving was celebrated in different ways. The date of celebration was set for November 26, the last or next to last Thursday of November. Finally, in 1941, the bill of Congress about the celebration of Thanksgiving each fourth Thursday of November was signed by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This day is celebrated Thanksgiving in our time.
Thanksgiving is associated with many traditions. Holy stored in each American family. Thanksgiving for a cozy and rich table are about all the family members: young and old. To the table served stuffed Turkey, constant sweet pumpkin pie, potatoes, corn on the cob, apples, nuts, as hundreds of years ago. Gathered around the table thanking each other, thank the Lord. The whole family rejoices lived another year and the hopes no less happily live next year.
On Thanksgiving Day in US cities are colorful parades, bright colors erupt in the sky fireworks. By the Day of Thanksgiving, charity is especially active. Beggars and homeless Americans donate money, food, clothing, etc.
On Thanksgiving, at least one Turkey should be pardoned - such a half-joking ritual was established more than 150 years ago by Harry Truman. Every year on the eve of the holiday, the incumbent president of the United States declares a pardon for a particular turkey - it will not fall on the festive table. All this happens on the lawn in front of the White House at the sight of television cameras. After the ceremony, the "saved" turkey goes to the zoo, where he lives until old age.
The most famous Thanksgiving Day parade is the Macy's parade. held annually in new York since 1927. Participate in procession of colorfully dressed actors, a huge inflatable cartoon characters, comics. Often invited to the parade and Hollywood stars.
Thanksgiving marks the beginning of Christmas sales. Starting next Friday after Thanksgiving day - Black Friday - sales last until Christmas. Shops open early, buyers attract colorful advertising posters, huge discounts.
Thanksgiving is considered an American national holiday and is very revered in the United States.