The phrase "Old New year" the alien will probably seem absurd. As old and new at the same time? Us such a surprise, because the old New year (or rather, New year, old style) is an integral part of the Christmas holidays in the CIS.

"Old style" the people called Julian calendar. In that time, most Catholic countries have already switched to the improved Gregorian calendar, the Russian Empire still lived according to the Julian calendar, the "lagged" from Gregorian to two weeks. In 1918, Russia still has introduced a new chronology, and the tradition meet two new year   - according to the Gregorian calendar (new style) and Julian (old style). The New Year is celebrated according to the old style on the night of January 13-14, according to the Gregorian calendar.

In addition, the old New year is an opportunity to celebrate the arrival of the new year for those who observe Christmas post. The fact that the Russian Orthodox Church never switched to the Gregorian calendar, so all religious holidays occur in the old style (Julian calendar). In the New year (which is celebrated from December 31 to January 1) falls on Christmas post. It means - no meat, no alcohol. But in the old New Year the post has already ended and you can celebrate with all your heart.

In addition to Russia, the old New year is celebrated in other countries of the former Soviet Union — Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Latvia, Armenia, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, etc. in addition, New year, old style   note in those countries in which the church did not switch to the Gregorian calendar. This is Serbia (where it is called the Serbian New Year), Montenegro, Macedonia and some German-speaking cantons of Switzerland.

The evening before the old New year is popularly called the generous evening. or the day of St. Melania. In Generous evening   they prepared a "rich" kutya, covered a rich table and invited guests.

At dawn on 14 January, in the > day, it is customary posevat (sow) grain. Young people gather grain in a bag and mittens and go to relatives and friends (first of all - to godfathers). Going into the house, the sowing (milling) throws a grain around the house and wishes everyone a happy New Year and a good harvest. It was believed that the first person who came to you to sow, will bring happiness in the new year. The rite of sowing is often accompanied by special seeding songs.

Socialnye songs in Russian

Sow, blowing posevayut
New year congratulations
Open the gates,
Serve penny
If you have no penny,
  Then the cow by the horns.

* * *
Sow, blowing posevayut,
New year congratulations.
Hello, the owner hisaichi,
Happy New year, happy holiday.

Sow, blowing posevayut,
Toch – Toch, tarrah,
Sarode, God, pea,
Corn, wheat,
  Every kind of hedgehog.

* * *
Sow Wei, posevaem,
Happy New year.
Happiness will get you mountain
Harvest the who big.
Freak you have oats,
To two meters grew.
Freak you have a wheat
And peas, and Chechevichi.
To guests a great deal
In the house the whole year!
On the table is always the cake.
  Easy-easy to you!

* * *
Sow, blowing posevayut,
New year congratulations!
Freak, wheat,
Peas, Chechevichi!
On the field — stacks.
On the table — pies.
Sow, blowing posevayut,
Oats, rye,
  By the grace of God!

Socialnye songs in the Ukrainian language

Su, Wii, POWAY, s Novi rock pozdravliau!
On happiness, on health I'm the one on last year,
Dwellers freak better, than TORK, —
Corn, pshenitsa I every pasnica,
  Konoplі pіd stele on the great curls.
Be zdorov s Novi rock that s Vasil!
  Give, God!

* * *
So, so, Sashu,
Your hut is not the Meany,
S Novi rock IDU to hachi
  Щось вам маю віншувати:
Dwellers diti VSI zdorov,
Spruce porridge VSI gotov,
  If you need them, sweat them.
But us pennies W Puma!

* * *
So, so, Sashu,
S Novi rock you vitayu!
In the last year,
Dwellers have brodilo better,
  Ніж торік!

* * *
Sm, VM, posam,
S Novi rock you wtam
For happiness, health
On last year!
Dwellers you have brodilo better, than TORK.
Konopl pid Stela,
And lion to Kolina,
Dwellers you hospodar,
  My head was not bald.