If you are asked to imagine blue tea. what picture will arise in your imagination? If you do not know what this type of tea is, you are sure to imagine a drink of the color of the sky or sea water. But in fact, the brewed blue tea has a completely familiar amber hue. Where did this strange name come from?
You probably know that the appearance, taste and aroma of tea depend on the degree of fermentation (oxidation) of the tea leaf. We have the most common two "polar" categories of tea: black tea is highly oxidized, green - poorly oxidized or not at all oxidized. But between these two extremes are other types of tea: white, yellow, puer, oolong (oolong).What place in this classification is blue tea?
Blue tea refers to the Oolong highly fermented and, like all Oolongs, it has a distinctive taste that cannot be confused with anything. The name "blue tea" combines several varieties of Oolong with a strong degree of fermentation. Dong Fai Mei Ren, Feng Huang Tan Tsun, Da Hong Pao, Formosa Oolong. Note that the degree of fermentation of blue tea is considered strong for oolong tea, with all oolongs referring to medium fermented teas. Therefore, in blue tea, the degree of fermentation is still weaker than that of black tea.
These teas are called blue due to the color of dried tea leaves: they do have a bluish or turquoise color. And tea infusion will be quite familiar color. Blue tea is processed by special technology, making it very difficult to forge. authenticity is easily determined by the kind of tea leaves and characteristic taste.
To produce oolong tea, mature leaves from adult tea bushes are collected. First, the collected leaves half an hour or so wither in the sun, and then thickly laid in baskets and put in the shadow for fermentation.Feature Oolong that leaves every hour to gently knead and mix. while ensuring that they remain intact. Therefore, the edges of the leaves are fermented more than the middle.
When the leaves reach the required degree of fermentation (for blue tea it is about 60%), the leaves are dried at a temperature of 250-300 degrees. Usually drying is carried out in two stages. To begin with, the leaves are dried for several minutes, then they are twisted and then dried.After drying, the tea is ready. left him to pack and ship for sale.
How to determine the quality of blue tea? Quality oolong will always be solid leaf, it should not contain dust, crumbs, broken leaves. If you brew a real blue tea, during the brewing the twisted leaves will unfold and you will see that the middle is green and the edges dark.
How to make blue tea? By the degree of fermentation, it is closer to black tea than to green tea, and brew it, respectively. Blue tea is poured hot water (not boiling water, and the temperature is about 90 degrees) and insist about 3-5 minutes. The ratio of water and tea leaves can be the same as for ordinary black tea: one teaspoon of tea per person plus one spoon per teapot.
But called "blue tea" you can see another drink, which really is not tea. Tourists often bring from Thailand so-called Butterfly Pea Tea – tea from trifoliate klitoria (butterfly pea). In fact, Thai blue tea is not tea at all but herbal from the leaves and flowers klitoria. He just has a deep blue color when brewing.
Below brewing Thai blue tea. you need 2-3 spoonfuls of collection pour a glass of hot water (about 85-90 degrees) and insist for about three minutes. Boiling water can not be used, unless you want to spoil the taste of tea. It is said that two small cups of blue tea a day will help improve eyesight and hair condition.
As you can see,under the mysterious name "blue tea" are two absolutely different from each another drink. But now you are familiar with both and for nothing they will not be confused.