How to choose fruits
Sweet juicy fruits on our tables are almost always present. In the summer and autumn, when the market is full of fruits from its own region, with the choice of quality and ripe fruits there are no problems. But from the end of autumn the markets are filled with imported fruits, which are often tasteless. Do you think you just did not get lucky? No, you do not know,how to choose fruit.
As with the choice of meat. there are a few simple rules that will help you buy a quality product. And you should start with the aroma of fruit.Ripe fruit should have a pleasant strong aroma. If you do not feel the fragrance, then you have unripe fruit before you.
Do not be surprised that a very large number of fruits fall into our market still green. This is due to the fact that not all fruits can be brought to the market and sold until the moment they deteriorate. But to determine what will quickly deteriorate is very easy. Remember thatall fruits have a certain leaveness. So, bananas, mangoes, kiwis, pears, papayas, avocados are always harvested by 3/4 ripe, but not ripe. This is due to the fact that mature fruit very quickly deteriorate. Citrus, figs, pineapples and pomegranates are almost ripe. These fruits lie well enough, with time their sweetness is practically not deteriorating. Persimmons, peaches and nectarine are also harvested ripe, but the fruits of this group after full ripening spoil incredibly quickly.
Unripe fruits, even if they are well streaked and have a strong flavor, are not always as useful as we might think. In citrus fruits, which hit the market still green, the content of vitamin C is several times lower than you might think. But even if you bought ripe fruit, then with time the amount of vitamins in the fruit begins to decrease.The longer you have the fruit in the refrigerator, the fewer useful substances remain in them. Therefore, it is recommended to store fruit for a few days only.
Do not forget that imported fruit has one morea significant drawback - the presence of nitrates. Look only at how beautiful the brought fruits are: they are smooth, smooth, without any damage. But such fruits are not the most useful. How to choose fruit in this case? Remember that in nature very rarely come across such beautiful and even fruits. Nitrates help to get rid of any shortcomings, including those caused by worms. By the way, the most useful and tasty can be exactly wormy fruit, no matter how strange it sounds.
When choosing fruits, you can be guided by another rule: the most useful and tasty are heavy fruits. Choose for yourself a few fruits that you would like to buy. Try to weigh each of them in your hand. The fruit that turns out to be the heaviest, although it should not look like it, take it boldly. It will be the best quality and delicious fruit.
When buying fruit, carefully inspect them.Any damage or dark spots affect the quality of the fruit. Such fruits can not be stored for a long time. In addition, in damaged fruits, mitoxins (poisons) are formed which, when heat treated, do not split. Also, dark spots on the fetal skin indicate that this fruit has already lost some of the vitamins.
Now, it's worthwhile to talk a little more about the rules of choosing these or those fruits. How to choose apples, fruits that are familiar to us all? Apples grow in our region, but imported varieties often appear on the market. Such applescovered with wax or paraffin. Determine the presence of wax is very easy: the fruit will be glossy, and to the touch - fat. Wax on apples is not removed even with hot water, but only with alcohol. In addition, the wax will in any case penetrate the flesh of the fruit even through the skin. Better refuse these apples, but buy those that were grown in your area. But even here pay attention to the appearance of fruits. Apples should be without dents and any stains.
The pears, like apples, never there should be no damage, dark spots or abrasions. Ripe pears have a very strong flavor. When choosing a grape,as easily detached grapes from bunches. Immature grape tear quite hard.
Now it's worth talking about more exotic fruits. How to choose fruit in this case? Let's start with oranges, tangerines and lemons.When choosing any citrus, their color is very important. It must be homogeneous. If there are spots on the peel, then this is the fruit of the second grade. If possible, look at the thickness of the peel. Citrus, grown on nitrates, will have a thick peel. Pay attention to the softness of the fruit. Lightly press on the orange or mandarin, it should be soft.
When choosing bananas always look at the color of the fruit. Any dark spots indicate an overripe banana. The best bananas are yellow with small specks. You can not keep such bananas for long. Bananas with a greenish skin are not quite mature. At room temperature they will ripen in a couple of days.
Pineapple is another stumbling block. To choose a ripe pineapple is not easy, but possible. Note the bundle of leaves. It should be salad color, not dark green. The top leaf should be yellow. Estimate the color of the fruit, on the entire surface of the pineapple should be uniform straw or yellow-straw color. And be sure to smell the pineapple. A ripe fruit should have a bright sweet aroma.
Now you know how to choose fruit. Use simple rules to your table only the best fruit. And try to take the fruits that were in the box from above. Such fruits will be much better stored, since they will not be crushed.