Musical education of children
Before it was decided EN masse to send their children to music schools: musical education was given great importance. Now the priorities shifted a little, and learning music is considered more of a whim than a necessity. But in vain: musical education of children is an important part of their harmonious development.
No one is saying that it is imperative to give the child to a music school, so he learned to play the piano or the guitar, "I do not want", or make him sing in the school choir, even if it is in the shower singing shy. After all, not everyone can be great composers, musicians and singers. But to teach the child to understand music, to develop musical ear and sense of rhythm just necessary.
Musical education of children is very important for their development at an early age. Listening to music has a beneficial effect on the development of the Central nervous system (it's not for nothing that our distant ancestors sang lullabies to their children). When a child grows up, music lessons will help him develop artistic taste, a sense of beauty and love of art.
When to start musical education of children? Best - even before the birth of a child. Already starting from the 19th week of pregnancy, the fetus in the mother's womb begins to distinguish the sounds of the external world, so that the future mother is more likely to listen to relaxing relaxing music (best of all - classics). Some experts argue that a child whose mother during pregnancy listened to music, will develop faster than his "deprived" music peers.
When the child was born for music education can be used. rattles! They produce a wide range of sounds, so a child playing with different toys, will learn to distinguish the timbre of the sound. In addition to the good old rattles sold in stores a huge number of musical toys. They considerably facilitate the musical education of the child. Note that the child should buy only high quality toys. which produce pure musical sounds, otherwise there will be no benefit from them.
In addition, you need to give the baby to listen to music. The character of the music should be chosen depending on the activity: when a child plays, suitable rhythmic music, and before going to sleep — quiet and smooth. Usually children respond well to soft jazz and classical music. You can buy special CDs with music arranged for young children. The fact is, kids are hard to perceive complex compositions with many instruments and minor melodies. And on these discs the music is specially adapted for children.
When the child reaches 2-3 years, you can start develop sense of rhythm. For this it is worth to buy the first musical instrument - a drum (only without sticks - the baby can injure them by himself). First you can teach the child to reproduce the rhythm of simple melodies of children's songs with an emphasis on a strong share. When the kid can cope with this, you can offer other instruments - tambourine, spoons, ratchets, and after three years - a metalophone or xylophone. Gradually offer the child melodies with an increasingly complex rhythmic pattern, changes in tempo.
Musical education of children older than four years should already includeconscious listening music. You can begin to introduce the child to the sound of individual musical instruments and to teach him to recognize them by ear. It is worth explaining the basic musical concepts to the child. Only use terms that are understandable to him, for example, if you tell him about major and minor, say that the major is fun, and the minor is sad. Let the child learn to feel the mood that the composer wanted to convey. If it is difficult for him to say this in words, let him try to "draw" a melody - drawing to music perfectly develops his creative abilities.
An important element of musical education of children — concerts. Of course, running a four year old kid in the Conservatory bit early. But a variety of musical performances for children — that's it. Along the way you can tell a child about rules of behavior in the theater, on the concert — it is superfluous will not be exact. And in between trips to the theater let your child watch music cartoons and children's films. There are even cartoons in the accompaniment of classical music — for example, "Blue Danube" Strauss music or "Prince the Nutcracker" to Tchaikovsky's music.
At the age of 5-6 years the musical education of children can begin to shift from hearing to side independent play. You can limit yourself to rattles and maracas (not everyone can play a musical instrument), but if a child shows interest in a particular instrument, you should give it a try.
Musical education of children is the key to their harmonious development. Open your child a wonderful world of music!