After three too late: the system Masaru Ibuka
So many adherents of the early development of children was the book "After three late". Its author, Masaru Ibuka. known not only as the founder of progressive concepts in early development of children, but also as one of the founders of the world famous multinational Corporation Sony. What is the vision of Masaru Ibuka? Why after three already late?
Masaru Ibuka claimed that the development of brain cells by three years completed by 70-80%. so you need to "forge the iron while it's hot" and develop the child while his brain is just forming. That is why the maximum efforts to educate a child must be applied, until he is three years old. Because of this theory, his book in Russian translation was called "After three it's too late" (in the original and English translation it is called "It's too late in kindergarten").
Forty years ago the book of Masaru Ibuka "After three too late" put traditional ideas about the early development of children with up. It has gained frenzied popularity all over the world (including Russia), it was even called a "century book". In the preface to the English edition, Glen Doman called it one of the most important books ever written, and stated that all parents living in the world should read it.
Masaru Ibuka considers that all the people born about the same (if they have no physical flaws), and everything else depends solely on education. A small child is a tabula rasa, a blank page on which you can draw anything. The child does not yet have the concepts of "bad" and "good," he sees the world around him as he really is, without artificial division into black and white. This opens up huge opportunities for parents, but at the same time imposes a huge responsibility on them: the child's unique ability to see the world around him is very easy to break.
Masaru Ibuka is also sure that a small child has the inexhaustible capacity for processing information — children are able to learn effortlessly even the fact that adults often learn only with great difficulty. But he does not consider that the goal of early child development — to make him a genius (which is how I perceive the early development of many parents). The main goal of early development is not to stuff the child with knowledge, but to unleash its potential, make it smart, kind, healthy and happy.
According to Masaru Ibuka, of great importance for early child development is the environment. The main thing in the development of the child is "to catch the moment" for the introduction of a new experience. And who will be able to do this better than the parents who are next to the child from day to day? Therefore, the book "After Three Is Already Late" is not intended for teachers and educators, but for parents.
Masaru Ibuka does not give ready-made recipes for teaching babies — they simply do not exist. Parents better understand what their child. But it gives some General advice for parents, for example :
- often to take the kid on hands
- don't be afraid to take the baby with you in bed
- never ignore a baby crying
- not to Lisp with the child
- it is better to pamper a child than to ignore;
- don't ignore children's fears — something that adults seem to be insignificant can be a serious problem for a child
- not quarrel in the presence of a child — even a newborn feels when his parents are in conflict
- not to be nervous at the child - parental nervousness is contagious;
- the leading role in the training and education belongs to the mother, but the father must as often as possible to communicate with the child
- the more children in the family, the better relations between them
- the presence of grandparents is a great incentive for the development of the child
- we need to encourage the communication of children between themselves
- quarrels with other children and develop the child's communication skills
- not to ridicule your child in front of others
- it is better to praise a child than to scold.
Many of the tips seem obvious, but for the Japanese, they were truly revolutionary - their traditions of upbringing differed too much from the system proposed by Masaru Ibuka.
Of course, there are in theory Masaru Ibuka and controversies. Thus, he almost completely denies the influence of heredity on the ability of the child, believing that his development is influenced solely by the environment, and what we consider to be heredity is in fact the impact of parents already in the process of education. But many researchers with him in this moment will not agree. In general, his system is more focused on the Japanese mentality, so that it may not suit all European children.
What conclusion can we make? We will repeat what we say in all the articles about the early development of children: do not have to blindly follow all the points, you can select only what will benefit your child.