Hemangioma in children
Approximately 10% of children under the first year of life found a hemangioma — a benign vascular tumor. This diagnosis can greatly scare parents, but is it really so scary as it might seem? Dangerous hemangioma in children.
Hemangioma is the benign nature of the blood vessels. not having a clear boundary. Hemangioma in children can be capillary, venous or cavernous. Usually the hemangioma is noticeable immediately after birth. Hemangioma is more common in girls than in boys. Usually the lesion is one, but in about 20% of cases, hemangiomas may be several.
The reasons for its appearance just not yet determined, are called different assumptions, from bad environment to hormonal characteristics. But it is known that hemangioma in children develops gradually, and its development is divided into three phases :
- active increase (from 1-3 to 6-8 months)
- the cessation of growth (6-8, 12-18 months)
- the involution or resorption (5-7 years).
It usually starts with the appearance of small white spot. Within a couple of days the spot becomes red. This redness looks quite harmless, resembling a scratch, and the parents usually don't see the point in contacting the doctor. Gradually hemangioma gets bigger and occupies more space. If the edge turns purple, you need to worry about. sometimes the hemangioma in children begins to grow in depth and destroy the subcutaneous layers.
If hemangioma in children. Do I have to delete it somehow? This question can be answered only by the doctor after the examination. Most small capillary hemangiomas dissolve over time and do not require treatment. But large hemangiomas can lead to a decrease in blood coagulability, and cavernous with a rupture can provoke bleeding.
The decision on the treatment of hemangiomas usually takes doctor. Often he spent some time watching the development of a tumor and then decides whether to remove a hemangioma, or you can just wait for it to disappear. Usually if the hemangioma is small, grows with moderate speed and not near vital organs, the doctor decides to observe the situation. The problem is that hemangioma in children is often unpredictable, and its development can be affected by various factors.
If the doctor still decided that hemangioma should be removed, only he can choose any method. Hemangioma in children is usually removed by one of the following methods.
Small hemangiomasfreeze with liquid nitrogen (the so-called local cryodestruction ). At the site of the hemangioma, a bubble forms, which in no case can be pierced. Over time, it will burst, the wound will quickly heal, in its place will appear a pink spot, which gradually becomes almost invisible.
If the hemangioma start to grow deep into the tissues may designate sclerotherapy. In the hemangioma, a special preparation of prednisolone is injected, blocking its growth. On the site of the hemangioma, edema develops, which comes off within a few weeks. Such treatment is sometimes combined with laser therapy.
When laser therapy special vascular laser "seals" blood vessels, leaving no trace. Treatment usually consists of 2-8 sessions, swelling after the treatment goes in a few weeks. Hemangioma in children treated with laser if it has not germinated inside, because the laser penetrates the skin shallowly — 2 mm. for Some kids, laser treatment is not suitable.
If hemangioma in children is in the area of genitals, Fontanelle, eyes, mouth, nose and other vital organs and is growing rapidly, can assign emergency treatment of hormones. Hormones stop the growth of hemangioma, after which it can be removed with a laser.
Hemangioma in children — not such a terrible problem as you might think, but it can not be ignored. If you see any suspicious lesions need to show the child the doctor. He will determine the nature of the neoplasm and will prescribe the appropriate treatment.