Stomatitis in infants
Infants often suffer from the same diseases as adults, but only to tolerate them much harder, because the body of the baby is still so fragile! So, stomatitis in infants delivers a lot of unpleasant moments as to the children themselves and their parents.
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the oral mucosa. Symptoms of stomatitis - edema of the oral mucosa, pain, increased saliva. Sometimes the mucous membrane becomes covered with yellow or white coating, bleeding gums begin to bleed, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth. This disease affects both children, as well as adults. However, stomatitis in infants and preschool children is more common, because at this age the mucous membrane of the mouth is more vulnerable.
Stomatitis in infants (as in adults) is divided into types depending on its cause. So, one of the most common types of thrush in infants — oral thrush. It is caused by Candida fungi and is popularly known as thrush in children in the mouth. A characteristic symptom of this kind of stomatitis is white plaque in the oral cavity, which does not pass with time, unlike the plaque after feeding.
And in infants and older children is also found virus herpetic stomatitis. otherwise calledaphthous stomatitis (aphids are small round or oval ulcers of yellow color with a red rim, appearing in the oral cavity on the second day of the disease).
This kind of stomatitis is caused by herpes virus. Usually it is accompanied by lethargy, fever, rash on the lips, sometimes with coughing. But the main symptom of herpes simplex virus stomatitis - the already mentioned above aphthae.
However, aphthous stomatitis in infants is not so common,it usually occurs between the ages of 1-4 years. Often this form of stomatitis occurs against the background of chickenpox, measles, influenza and other viral infections.
Sometimes parents also have to deal with the stomatitis microbial origin, arising on a background of sinusitis, pneumonia, sore throat, etc. traumatic stomatitis (injuries of the mouth) and allergic stomatitis. It is also found catarrhal stomatitis. associated with poor oral hygiene.
However early symptoms of all types of stomatitis are similar. The child begins to refuse food because of pain in the mouth, his sleep gets worse, the temperature rises. On the mucous membrane of the mouth there are redness, ulcers, plaque, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth.
How to treat stomatitis in infants? The biggest mistake that can prevent young parents, is to resort to home treatment of stomatitis "grandma's methods". In any case it is impossible to independently handle the mouth toddler antiseptics, for example, Zelenka or hydrogen peroxide! This can cause a burn of the mucosa and further aggravate the situation.
So at the first symptoms of stomatitis, you need to show the child the doctor. Treatment of stomatitis in a child should be aimed at eliminating the underlying cause of the disease. If stomatitis is caused by an infectious disease, you must first cope with the infection. And in the case of candidal stomatitis, it is necessary to fight Candida fungus.
Usually doctors practice a holistic approach. Prescribed pain medicine for your child's normal eating and sleeping, as well as drugs that accelerate healing of the mucosa and relieving edema, drugs to correct the underlying disease and the means to strengthen the immune system .
Like most other diseases stomatitis in infants is easier to prevent than to treat. It is very important to strengthen the immunity of the child from an early age and carefully monitor the hygiene of the oral cavity of your baby. You also need to minimize the risk of micro-trauma and burns to the mucosa, which can occur, for example, due to hot food or too hard nipples.
Thrush in infants is a very unpleasant disease, which can proceed hard enough. You should not rely on the treatment of stomatitis at home folk remedies. always consult a doctor who will prescribe the most effective treatment regimen, depending on the type of stomatitis and severity of the disease.