The syndrome of attention deficit and hyperactivity
Uncontrollable child — the challenge for parents. But do not think that he behaves badly just to spite others: perhaps he has attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity. In this case you need not scold the child and try to help him.
The syndrome of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) refers to a neurological-behavioral disorders of personality and usually begins at an early age. Typical symptoms of ADHD - hyperactivity, difficulty concentrating, poorly controlled impulsiveness.
Despite the fact that ADHD is included in ICD-10 (class V, mental disorders and behavioural disorders), around this syndrome until now, the debate continues: some doctors, teachers, politicians, parents and the media doubt the existence of ADHD. At the moment, there is no single diagnostic criteria and methods to assess the symptoms of the disease.
ADHD is more common in boys than in girls. To diagnose ADHD since the late preschool or early school age. This is due to the fact that for the diagnosis is necessary to assess the behavior of the child in at least two different conditions, for example, at home and in kindergarten (school). Symptoms of ADHD may not be manifested constantly, but from time to time.
There two main diagnostic criteria for ADHD (we already mentioned them at the beginning of the article): inattention and hyperactivity and impulsiveness. There are nine symptoms for each criterion, at least six of them must be present to diagnose the child. In this case, the symptoms should be expressed fairly brightly and persist for at least six months.
Despite the fact that ADHD is considered "childish" syndrome, it occurs in adults. However, the syndrome does not develop in adulthood, but remains from childhood. If an adult was diagnosed with ADHD, this means that the problem is simply not revealed in childhood. In adulthood, ADHD can lead to problems in school and work, organization of space around them, interpersonal relationships.
As the status of ADHD is quite questionable, but the exact cause is still unclear, and approaches to the treatment of the syndrome differ from country to country. However, most specialists prefer an integrated approach combining several methods of psychocorrection. The optimal combination is selected individually in each case.
As an aid in the treatment of ADHD may use drugs — psychostimulants and nootropics (psychostimulants are traditionally more popular in the West, nootropic drugs - in the CIS). However, there is no evidence of the effectiveness of such treatment, in addition, the reception of psychostimulants can rather harm the child's body than to bring him any benefit.
thereforeif possible try to treat ADHD with the help of methods of psychological correction. resorting to medical treatment only in extreme cases. ADHD is considered a persistent and chronic syndrome that cannot be cured, however, quite possible to compensate for the disruption and to help hyperactive children is fully realized in life.
What can we say in conclusion? Do not rush to hang on impulsive, hyperactive, easily excitable child label rude and loosening of the tape. The syndrome of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder causes inconvenience not only to others, but also to the child. Your task as parents is to help him cope with the manifestations of the syndrome. With drug treatment it is advisable not to rush (and self-medication in this case, you can not do at all). What can you do for a child with ADHD?
Talk to a psychologist, as well as with parents, faced with the same problem. The psychologist will teach you special techniques that will help monitor the child's behavior. Often children are also taught special techniques that help them cope with learning problems. Support the child, increase his self-esteem, watch the regime of his day, be consistent in matters of upbringing and discipline, follow the advice of a psychologist - and then you will most likely manage to minimize manifestations of ADHD.