Rickets in children under one year
Rickets is a disease of infants and young children caused by calcium deficiency. With rickets education is broken bonesrickets in children under one year.
Most often, rickets in infants caused by not a calcium deficiency as such, but a lack of vitamin D. which is necessary for the normal assimilation of calcium and phosphorus. Even if enough of these minerals are supplied to the child's body, with vitamin D deficiency, they do not penetrate into the bone tissue in the required volume.
For the synthesis of vitamin D needs ultraviolet radiation, in other words — the sunlight. That's why rickets in children up to a year often develops in late autumn, winter and early spring. when children are more indoors, and during the walks the warmth is dressed, so that the sun does not get to the skin.
Among other reasons that can trigger the development of rickets. it is possible to distinguish the infant's prematureness, ineffective feeding and disruption of the internal organs, which lead to a disruption in the synthesis and absorption of vitamin D.
What are the signs of rickets in children under one year old? Usually the first clear symptoms of rickets manifest itself in the age of 3-4 months (the first of the symptoms can also occur in a month and a half, but because of their nespecificnomu they usually go unnoticed). Thus, rickets in children under one year at an early stage usually manifests the following symptoms :
- changes in behavior: the child becomes cranky, restless, fearful, irritable
- sleep disorders: child sleeps badly and often wakes up
- a noticeable decrease in appetite, which sometimes may be accompanied by constipation
- strong sweating, especially during sleep, the sweat has a characteristic sour and pungent smell
- reduced muscle tone.
If you ignore these symptoms, 2-4 weeks will start the so-called stage of height — changes of the skeletal system (changes the shape of the skull, the rib cage is pressed inward, the pelvis becomes). There may also be delays in physical and mental development. If time does not begin treatment, the arising deformation of the skeleton may persist into adulthood, becoming a source of health problems.
Treatment of rickets in infants depends on the period of the illness, and also on the degree of severity. Usually prescribe the intake of vitamin D preparations inside, in addition can prescribe calcium preparations, ATP and citrate mixture.
Important role in the treatment of rickets plays a balanced diet and walks in the fresh air. The child may appoint a number of tonic events. vitamin therapy, coniferous and salt baths, sun baths, massage and therapeutic gymnastics. However, it is important to remember that sunbathing can not be combined with taking vitamin D.
As with any other disease, rickets is easier to prevent than to treat. And prevention of rickets should begin even during pregnancy. A pregnant woman, it is important to monitor their diet, getting outside in the fresh air, promptly treat the toxemia, and anemia. In the later stages of pregnancy can prescribe vitamin D.
After the birth of a child is of great importance for the prevention of rickets plays the correct mode of the day, sufficient stay in the open air, rational nutrition (preferably breastfeeding), hardening, stimulation of the baby's physical activity, gymnastics and massage. Perhaps the pediatrician will additionally prescribe the baby the intake of vitamin D.
Rickets in infants is not an uncommon disease, which in any case impossible to bring to the stage height. When the first signs of rickets as soon as possible to go to the doctor. who will confirm or deny the diagnosis and prescribe the treatment. It is very important to prevent rickets in children under three years, especially in premature or debilitated children of the first months of life.