How to learn to draw
Often, looking at the painting of a famous artist or masterfully painted kitchen utensils, we notice that it would be nice learn to draw self. Because it is such a pleasure – to realize his vision of this world in the picture! But the worm of doubt gnaws at the soul – how can a grown man learn to draw? Even as you can!
In fact, even if you portray little people as "a point, a dot, a comma - a curved face" - you still draw. And if you have a pencil or a brush, a little perseverance and patience, and, of course, the desire to learn how to draw - you will succeed!
Not enough immediately writing complex landscapes, portraits. Everything has its time! Remember that you always need to start from simple to complex, from details to the whole. First of all, train the eye, coordination of movements, fine motor skills. After all, often the hands simply do not "obey" and do not paint what you intended.
What exercises are suitable for the development of hand-eye coordination? Start by copying. Do not be afraid that you are not yet able to express yourself. When you are drawing a finished image, you learn to firmly lead a line, "stuff" the eye. Do not try to "clamp" a pencil - the hand should move freely.
Having mastered drawing "from the picture", try to draw simple objects from nature. It can be an apple, a bulb, a pear. Your task in this exercise is to develop your memory and observation, to learn how to feel the line and shape of the object.
At this stage it is still too early to work with volume and chiaroscuro, so do not try to work out the image at once. For drawing, choose black-and-white outline drawings, not too saturated with details.
When You will gain confidence in the image of any contours, you can proceed to the drawing of multiple items. A good exercise for learning holistic perception of the picture – drawing still life .
In the still life all objects are fixed, they are fixed in their places. Therefore, it is easier to transfer the shape of these objects and therefore the ability to draw a still life is the base in the visual arts. Look at the composition, pay attention to how objects are relative to each other. Having studied the composition, proceed to drawing.
It is not recommended to start drawing a still-life (and, in principle, any other drawing) from a particular object - after all, you can not guess with the proportions and arrangement of the picture relative to the paper. Better preliminarily in thin lines to make a small markup - indicate where any object will be.
To learn how to draw the items in "volume". it is necessary to study the basic geometric volumetric bodies (cube, parallelepiped, sphere, cone, cylinder, torus). Almost every real object can be conditionally divided into one or several such bodies.
You probably noticed that different angles three-dimensional body look different. Rendering volumetric bodies, passing their own spatial structure and location in space is called in the visual arts perspective .
To learn to draw in linear perspective or reverse you need to learn how to determine the so-called vanishing point – the imaginary point where the lines converge. The vanishing point is at eye level of the observer. Remember the railroad tracks when you look into the distance it seems that the parallel lines of the rails converge at one point. This is the vanishing point. Between any point of the object and the vanishing point you can spend an imaginary straight line.
The size and location of shadows. which falls on objects, depend on the location and size of the light source, which creates these shadows. To practice in the image of shadows, try to draw an object in different lighting, at different angles to the light source.
Learning to draw can be in any, even the most Mature age. Be patient, but don't force yourself – it only leads to aversion from trying to learn to draw! Smiles and good mood to You – and succeed!