Sewing: basics for beginners
Sewing for Beginners The need in some cases to trim the ends of trousers, sew too wide dress or a skirt at the waist sometimes leads to an interesting idea. And why not learncutting and sewing.
Cutting and sewing are the two main stages of modeling and designing clothes. The ability to sew opens up great opportunities - now it is not a problem to sew a dress or a figure suit. Where should you begin learning to cut and sew?
Those who want to learn cutting and sewing usually have several ways. You can enroll in special courses for sewing and sewing, you can do self-study or take sewing lessons from a friend dressmaker. However, there is one thing that unites all these methods: a desire to learn how to sew.
Training in cutting and sewing requires a lot of time and effort. You can not learn how to sew well in a matter of days - it takes years to gain true mastery.
If You want to learn how to cut and sew clothes, You need to have patience and the following tools. First, you need a sewing machine, which can be with a manual, foot or electric drive. You will also need needles of different length and thickness, thread, scissors for cutting, patterns, measuring tools, pins, chalk or remnants. For cutting clothes you will need a graph paper, a drawing paper, a pencil, a tracing paper, etc.
Learning the basics of cutting and sewing begins with learning the terminology of basic machine and hand stitches, the principles of the measurements and build patterns. For example, every aspiring expert in sewing should know the difference between the term "sew" from "hem," which means the term "pricecat" or "to grind", why would you need to "decativate" fabric.
Hand-seams and stitches used in sewing items for the temporary bond between parts. for processing the edges of the product or for decorative finishing. In addition, manual stitches are used for permanent connection of parts of the product in cases where it is impossible to use a sewing machine.
Measurements for clothing shoot with sartorial meter. This is a long narrow strip of material, on which the units of measurement are marked: inches or centimeters. Depending on the accuracy of the measurement, the step of the tailor meter can be 1-5 mm or a tenth of an inch.
All measurements must be removed from man without clothes. those. only in underwear. When measuring, the tailor's meter should fit snugly against the area to be measured, but not squeeze it. In some cases, when taking the measurement, it is necessary to take into account an additional 1-2 cm for completeness. The chest and hip circumference is measured at the most convex points, the waist circumference - on the narrowest part of the body body.
Drawing patterns is first performed on graph paper in accordance with open standards and a model of the future product. Then the drawing is transferred to the paper patterns. For cutting cloth pattern features the well-protogenos and folded in half face inside piece of fabric, according to the direction of the warp threads, Utaka or on the bias depending on the model. The pattern is fixed on the fabric with pins.
A piece of chalk or a small remnant of the part of the pattern enclosed with all the seam. After that, the details of the pattern are carefully removed so as not to deform the fabric. The fabric is cut with sharp tailor's scissors so that the part is located to the right of the scissors, and the cut fabric is on the left.
When all the details of the future product are cut, you need to start assembling the product. First, the assembly is done manually, with offset stitches. Then, after trying on the product and correcting any possible shortcomings, the product is machine-weighed. In the finished product, it is necessary to process the sections manually or with an overlock, if necessary, carry out decorative finishing of the product.
You can sew clothes according to already prepared patterns, which are offered by special magazines and online publications, or you can invent the required style yourself. butbeginners are best to take up a simple product to understand the basics of sewing and then start making more complex models .