Ikebana – art of flower arranging
The Japanese art of flower arranging called the ikebana. has a lot of fans not only in Japan but also around the world. "Flowers that live" and it is translated literally, "ikebana", are a wonderful decoration for the interior and ikebana as a hobby he enjoys a wide range of people.
The art of ikebana, which is considered traditionally Japanese, actually originated in India where along with Buddhism got to China and then to Japan. Originally, ikebana was used for ritual ceremonies as offerings to the Buddha and the spirits of ancestors. Each element of the composition in ikebana had its definite meaning, and until now the real ikebana is imbued with deep symbolism and mysterious meaning.
Today, there are more than 300 different schools of ikebana. Thus, the most famous in Japan are school Ikenobo, Ohara, Sogetsu. Each school of ikebana has its own characteristics. Ikenobo is considered the first school for the development of ikebana. It was founded in the 15th century, in Kyoto. In this school, traditional styles of ikebans are being studied, such as rikka and beech.
School Ohara was founded in 1897 and its main distinctive feature is the invention of the Moriban style. The style of moribane is characterized by the use of low flat vessels for flowers, as well as the use of kendzwans - metal nakolok-holders for flowers.
Sogetsu - the most modern of the named ikebana schools. It was founded in 1927 and is considered to be an avant-garde school. Here, unlike other schools, for the ikebana, the practice is not only of using live flowers, but also of other materials: stone, cloth, metal, dry plants, etc.
In the drafting of ikebana involved actual plants and flowers, vessel and stand. Moreover, the proportions of the basic elements of ikebana are calculated based on the size of the vessel, and the vessel must correspond to the selected plant material. Preferably, the vessel was monotonous.
In the composition of ikebana traditionally involves 3 main design element-the"branches". Sometimes the number of branches reaches from two to nine. Ikebana is characterized by asymmetry and its elements form a triangle, as it were. This "triangle" should not be vertical or horizontal, its elements should not be in the same plane.
Three main "branches" in ikebana have their own philosophical significance. "Sin" is the symbol of heaven, and leadership. "Erythrocyte sedimentation rate" – the symbol of man, and "hikae" Is a symbol of the earth. The branch "syn" is the longest, it sets the direction of the entire composition, its dynamics. "Soe" is shorter in comparison with "syn" and is equal to it in direction and form. Balances the composition "hikai" - the shortest branch and in its direction it is opposite to the other two branches.
For the line "sin" gets the biggest, most beautiful branch or flower. Element length "sin" is calculated as the sum of the diameter and height of the vase for the future ikebana, if the composition is small. If the ikebana is large, then the size "syn" should be equal to the double sum of the diameter and height of the vase. The length of the soy is equal to 3/4 "syn," and the length is "hikaye" - 3/4 "soe." In this case, the length of branches should be counted from the upper edge of the vase, and the diameter of the vase - determined by its widest area.
In ikebana elements are arranged at an angle to each other. There are two basic forms of ikebana, depending on the angle of the composition: upright and slanted. In erect song the main branch ("sin") need to be put right, and then tilt 15
The inclined shape of ikebana differs from the upright location of the branch "syn" - it should be tilted at an angle of 45 ° to the left forward. Then "soe" is located at an angle of 15 ° to the left, and "hikaye" - 75 ° to the right.
Making a flower arrangement, do not be afraid of strict rules. In modern ikebana can be safely used different unusual materials, unusual vessel forms, use unusual combinations of colors, after all the main thing in ikebana is the expression of imagination.