You can grow plants not only on beds and flower beds, but also on various supports, walls, arches, pergolas. That's what it isvertical gardening. In this case, the decorative function of plants is increased many times.
With vertical gardening you can hide from sight All objects that can spoil the general view of the site. For example, a nondescript barn or other outbuildings, give a picturesque to a dead fence, and with the help of climbing plants you can protect the walls of the house from slanting rain.
Vertical landscaping creates morefavorable microclimate on the site. So, the air temperature on the landscaped terraces and verandas is lower by 2-3 C than on similar, but poor vegetation. Climbing plants reduce the penetration of dust and dirty air into the room, and their foliage increases humidity and creates a cool, not allowing the walls to overheat.
When decorating arbors, altars, trellises, retaining walls, climbing plants are indispensable - with the help of a variety of shapes, different colors of leaves, flowers and fruits, they create a colorful tent and hide from the summer heat. Vertical landscaping is not expensive, but its decorative effect is worth a lot.
For vertical landscaping, both annuals and perennials are used. But before you plant plants, you need to pay attention to the requirements of plants for the conditions, and even more importantly - to the side of the world.
If you want to green a wall that is facingnorth. then you can plant such plants: harrier, girlish grapes, small-leaved jasmine, camellia, capuchin, cotoneaster, ivy in all its varieties, forcing, chanomeles, Japanese quince, large-flowered escalonia.
On southern it is recommended to grow rhododendrons, wisteria, actinidia, callistemon, kampsis, clematis, magnolia, a climbing rose, and cyanotus.
Eastern the wall can be decorated with hydrangea, garrie elliptical, wood duck, Japanese kerriya, pyracanthus, ivy, henomeles, quince and capuchin.
Wisteria, camellia, grape vine, magnolia, nightshade curly, broomstick, passionflower, hionathus - all these plants will feel better withWestern side.
On all sides. as a rule, vines get well. They are the most plastic and unpretentious, they have long flexible stems that can take the most bizarre shapes in accordance with the structure of the support or the relief of the surface.
Annual plants recommended to plant in the house or in the greenhouse, and in late spring – early summer should be planted in open ground.
Since perennial climbing plants do not tolerate the transplant, for them it is necessary to choose the right place from the very beginning - a soil in which they would grow for several years.
All plants. designed for vertical gardening, develop quickly, but require loose, well-fertilized soil.
To plant a sapling. at a depth of 40-50 cm, a 40 cm wide groove is pulled out for planting in one row and 50-60 cm for planting in two rows (for grapes, the width of the pit should be increased to 1 m). The prepared groove is filled with humus, and also fertilized with organic substances (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus). When planting, you need to ensure that the root system of plants is not under the roof - there the plant will experience a lack of moisture. It is also necessary to leave a space between plants and a wall of at least 10 cm to avoid dampening of wooden or plastered walls.
To attach and the growth of climbing plants, the formation of branches of lianas, it is possible to use anchors hammered into a wall, on which wire, kapron cords, fishing line are stretched.