The Japanese have always been famous for their love of nature and sense of beauty. Traditional Japanese garden – it is a work of art that help people to find peace of mind. To create a Japanese garden with your own hands is quite possible, if you know the basic canons of his organization.
To begin creating Japanese style garden should be a project. The Japanese garden represents the harmony of the three elements - stone, water and plants, so they must all be represented in your project. When designing a project, you take into account the shape, size, terrain and purpose of the site on which you will break the Japanese garden. The traditional Japanese garden consists of two parts, one of which is the main one. In the main part of the garden plants are planted, and the second remains relatively free - this allows you to play in contrast.
The basis of the garden are stones, not without reason the garden in the Japanese style is also called the Japanese garden of stones. They stipulate its structure, and the creation of a composition of stones is considered a real art. The stones are placed diagonally, from left to right. The composition traditionally consists of an odd number of stones. For the Japanese garden, untreated stones of different shades are used, with time they are covered with moss and more organically fit into the landscape. Stones in the traditional Japanese garden symbolize stamina and strength.
The second integral element of the traditional Japanese garden is water. Waterfalls, streams and ponds give the space volume and the dynamics, and the small bridges are invariably pleasing to the eye. If you are not able to equip in the Japanese garden this pond, do not worry – the water can be replaced with sand or small stones. With shingles, you can simulate and quiet, slow stream, and the turbulent mountain stream. A Playground filled with sand with incised wavy lines, will serve as a good alternative to the pond.
The Japanese garden is dominated by evergreens, both coniferous and deciduous. The Japanese love the pine (symbol of longevity), magnolia, camellia, rhododendron. Brightly blooming perennial plants try not to plant, because the main task of the Japanese garden is to calm the person, to give him peace of mind, and the colored spots on a calm green background do not contribute to this. Plants are planted in such a way that at any time of the year the garden has something to admire. One plant withers - and another blooms. Japanese shrubs are popular in low-growing shrubs, but they also plant tall trees - pine, sakura, plum, maple.
Important decorative elements of a Japanese garden – stone paths. To create a track on the stones, flat on one side and protruding on the other, buried in the ground flat side up. Also in the Japanese garden is always a place for stone lanterns (gat), consisting of several tiers of towers (pagodas) and stone water bowls (tsukubai). Enclosure of the site with bamboo hedges. The boundaries of the Japanese garden should not be geometrically distinct, but smooth and natural.
A traditional Japanese garden built on the principle of asymmetry, it should be as close as possible to the natural landscape. Perfection in this case consists of small things, and even the most unattractive flower looks plays a role. Landscapes of the Japanese garden are always symbolic and subject. All elements are harmoniously combined, complementing and shading each other.
Of course, in our conditions it is difficult to break a real Japanese garden with observance of all canons. But is it necessary? The main task of the garden in the Japanese style is to please the eye and soul of a person. Just find in your garden a calm and quiet corner and decorate it as it tells you in your heart, stylizing under the landscape of the Land of the Rising Sun.