Carpet embroidery: still a few stitches
In my previous article the country of the Soviets talked about what is a carpet embroidery. and what are carpet seams. In this article we take a closer look at several tapestry seams.
For embroidery works great fits well seam "Renaissance". It is embroidered on a double canvas. First, we draw a thread between two pairs of horizontal threads of the canvas lying close to each other. On top of this thread, make horizontal stitches from the bottom up. In doing so, we draw the needle through large canvas openings and lay a working thread through two pairs of threads of the canvas. Having finished one happy, go to the next on the wrong side.
Looks original East seam. It is executed by oblique (sloping) stitches. The first stitch is embroidered through one interlocking of the double canvas, the second - through two, the third - through three, and the fourth - through four. We get triangles, which follow each other obliquely. To fill the empty space between them, use the oblique tapestry seam.
Seam "Basket" we begin to embroider from the corner of the canvas. Stitches are placed in the order shown in the picture. Each new stitch begins between the two stitches of the previous row. This seam requires a significant thread consumption and does not create a noticeable carry on the canvas.
There are some very simple stitches, which do not even need to further explain the technique for their implementation are clear from the schemes. These joints are called "Fern". "Seam sprig" and "Crossed crosses".
Now let's move on to more complex stitches. If you want to embroider on the imitation Oriental rug, you need to master velvet (Astrakhan) seam. It is embroidered on a thick double canvas or dense fabric with fluffy woolen threads. Velvet suture is performed in horizontal rows, which are accumulated from the bottom up. We draw a needle through a cell of the canvas, make a free loop and immediately fix it with a cross - and so in each cell.
To make the loops straight, we toss them through the stick, which we put in the direction of the horizontal row. When the series is finished, we take out the stick and apply it to the next row. The length of the loop is calculated based on the fact that each loop should cover two cells of the canvas in the vertical direction. The eyelets of each next row close the crosses of the previous one.
Having finished embroidering, cut the loops along the vertical rows using sharp scissors. If the pile came out uneven, carefully trim it with scissors.
An interesting type of carpet embroidery is embroidery Kelim. This ancient form of Oriental embroidery is very simple to execute and incredibly beautiful, but time-consuming. The main thing in this embroidery — to choose the right color. Weak tones are enhanced with bright outlines, and bright weaken. Two similar tones are separated by a neutral. Most of the shapes Oriental embroidery edge stripe of black or dark blue.
Strong and dense threads are used for embroidering Kelim. Particular attention must be paid to the execution of contours - it determines the correctness of the entire figure. After embroidering the contour, you can proceed to fill the background with straight lines (it does not require special attention). Light colors are embroidered after dark and as if superimposed on a dark background. Threads should be stretched evenly.
In principle, it is almost all the basic stitches and techniques of embroidery carpet. Carpet embroidery can be used not only for making carpets, but also for finishing handbags, furniture. yes for anything!