Care of violets (senpolia)
How to take care of violets (senpolia)? The country of the Soviets tells about the care of these popular in florists indoor plants.
Water is vital for all living organisms on earth. Naturally, violets are no exception.
How correctly organize watering for your favorite plants? After all, incorrect watering is the most common cause of the death of violets. With an excess of moisture, the root system begins to rot in them, and if there is a deficit, it simply withers.
It is best to use distilled water. If this is problematic, then you can water and tap, but it should be settled for 2-3 days in an open dish in order to remove chlorine from it. Rain and snow water perfectly suits plants, especially if you do not live in large industrial cities. Some experts advise water to boil water to remove unnecessary salts, but here it's up to you.
Usually violets are watered so. so that the soil is always moderately moist. Regular waterlogging and drying can lead to fungal diseases and in some cases to plant death. Violets should be poured under the root, water at room temperature, avoiding the center of the rosette, where young leaves develop. In the tray under the pot, you also need to pour a small amount of water, which is recommended to remove after 15-20 minutes. This is done to moisturize the roots.
The frequency of watering depends on the composition of soil and air temperature in the room.
Typically, watered violets 1-2 times a week. In general, the repulsion follows from the dryness of the top layer of the soil.
In the article "Indoor Plants: Violet (Senpolia)" we have already spoken with you about the fact that violets are neededfeeding minerals. This is especially important at a time when your plants begin to bloom - they have a growing need for phosphorus. Therefore, at this moment it is important to fertilize the violet with this organic substance, and it will thank you with large, bright flowers. For fertilizing, granular and liquid fertilizers are usually used.
When buying fertilizer, carefully read the instructions for use, if the label does not indicate the composition of fertilizer (NPK), it is better to refrain from buying. Concentration of fertilizers should be 2 times less than that indicated on the label (unless it is a specialized fertilizer for violets).
Remember thatif the plants provide the wrong conditions for existence, then it can get sick. For example, if you notice that the leaves of your violets appeared brown stains or even small holes, it means that she had to go to less lighted place.
Leaves with yellowness can also indicate too dry air. In this case, the plant is better to install on a pallet with water.
As you know, plants do not like sudden temperature fluctuations, because in this case they are affected by radical decay. Unfortunately, it is impossible to save a plant with such a disease, it must be removed, and the pot and soil should be sterilized, and even not used at all.
But the gray mold on the leaves may appear due to excessive watering or spraying. These fungi are called gray rot or powdery mildew. In the fight against this disease, it is recommended to remove the affected leaves, stop spraying the flower, and to rearrange the pot in a warmer and well-ventilated place. You can treat the plant with ground sulfur or a special fungicide. This treatment should be repeated in a week.
A lot of trouble to bring insects. For example, whiteflies. Their larvae settle on the underside of the leaf and suck out all the juices from it. Fight them with drugs that contain pyrethrum. Sprinkle the affected plant every three days.
Powdery mullet is also the enemy of violets. This small "fluffy" insect of white color is removed with special preparations - insecticides.