Plant diseases caused by bacteria
Have houseplants there are a number of various diseases caused by pests. viruses. fungi and various bacteria. Of course, it is better to prevent disease than long to try to save flower. Plant diseases. caused by bacteria, sometimes often do not have a clear picture, and the symptoms are mixed. Therefore, all those who love flowers, be sure to know what they may face.
Plant diseases caused by bacteria, often are easily confused with other diseases. Bacterial diseases can have different manifestations, similar to the defeat of flowers by fungi or viruses. Unfortunately, there are currently no effective means of combating bacterial diseases of plants. And existing control measures are not always effective. The fact is that pathogenic bacteria enter the body of plants through damage or the slightest holes in the leaves. Throughout the plant, bacteria spread through conductive vessels. It is the reproduction of bacteria in the vascular system of flowers that leads to the development of various plant diseases.
Don't forget that spread bacteria and plant tissues. In this case, it is possible to observe different bacterial rot. Most often, such diseases of plants can be observed in flowers with succulent fleshy leaves. Bacterial rot often begins with the root system of the plant, gradually moving to the root neck. But also the plant can begin to rot and from leaves or stems. The cause of bacterial decay is usually the wrong condition of plant maintenance: excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizers or waterlogging of the soil.
Bacterial spot and wilt
The development of bacterial plant diseases can also indicate the emergence of spotting. Unlike fungal lesions of leaves, spots caused by bacteria do not have clear boundaries. Such spots grow very quickly in size, and the leaf dries and turns yellow. Wet conditions of plant maintenance only contribute to the rapid spread of the disease.
Bacterial wilting is accompanied by loss of turgor of the plant. First, the disease of a plant occurs only on the tops. But in a short time the whole plant becomes very sluggish. Such fading can also cause fungal diseases of plants. But unlike fungi, bacteria multiply in the vascular system of plants, and delay the flow of water. Bacteria are also accompanied by abundant release of toxic substances. To distinguish bacterial wilt from blight, just look at the cut of the escape. For late blight is characterized by the presence of brown ring of the vessels.
Very often, healthy plants can be observed abnormal thickening and hardening of the tissues. They are very similar to tumor growths. This disease of plants is called bacterial cancer. More often such bacterial diseases of plants are found on begonias, Kalanchoe, oleanders and succulent milks. Bacterial cancer is difficult to notice, because the tumors appear on the roots and the root neck. With a very rapid progress of the disease in the development of plants, a stunting is observed. In the future, the plant dies.
Most often suffer from bacterial cancer weakened plants. they begin to appear a small tumor size from a couple millimeters to several centimeters. Over time, tumors turn into sores that never heal. In the middle of the ulcers can be observed buildup of slime waste product of bacteria. If such ulcers have You noticed small dots of black spores, so the disease caused by a fungal infection in his plants.
Any bacterial plant diseases are easier to prevent than to treat. Therefore, always disinfect the land and inventory that you use. If you touched a sick plant, always disinfect your hands with alcohol, so as not to transfer bacteria to healthy flowers. When transplanting plants into old pots, be sure to fill them with boiling water from the inside.
Bacteria affected flowers will subside only at the initial stage of development of the disease. The diseased parts of the plants are removed by capturing a small part of the healthy tissue. After each cut of the plant, the scissors or knife should be disinfected with alcohol. When all the diseased areas have been completely removed from the plant, the flower should be sprinkled and poured with a Bordeaux mixture or any other preparations containing copper. If such measures did not help the plant, it will have to be burned. The pot, in which the flower grew, should be well scalded with boiling water.