Growing pepper seedlings: part 2
In the previous part of the article "Growing pepper seedlings "you could get acquainted with the peculiarities of selection of land for planting, time of sowing seeds and much more. Now it's time to tell you about how to grow seedlings of pepper.
Growing pepper seedlings: caring for seedlings
When the seeds sprout, with the pots removed the tape and put them on a well-lit place. Best of all, on a window that faces south or southwest. In this case, the seedlings will receive a sufficient amount of light. If your windows are facing north, you can do artificial lighting. In this case, the seedlings are left under a fluorescent lamp from such a calculation that a light day for plants should last 13-14 hours. Do not forget to take into account also natural lighting!
When the seeds germinate, they are watered during the first 3-5 days. The abundance of water accelerates the development of green mass, rather than roots. At this stage, we need the plants to develop roots. Water the pepper seedling with tap water at room temperature. Usually, the pepper is poured once every 5-7 days so that the water passes through the entire depth of the pot. But do not over-moisten the soil, otherwise the roots of the plant will rot. Also, due to frequent watering, the soil can become compacted, which will negatively affect its aeration. Because of this, pepper can linger in development. To prevent this from happening, never zealous with watering.
To the roots of the plants received the right amount of oxygen, the soil should be loosened. This should be done very carefully and only if the seedlings have suspended their growth. After a while after watering, loosen the soil. But do it very carefully so as not to damage the roots of the pepper.
Growing pepper seedlings: swordplay
Plants dive for better development of the root system. Also during the dive necessarily transplanted seedlings in cups larger capacity, where the plants can continue to thrive. As practice shows, pepper after the pick slightly slows its growth. You can dive the pepper or simply transplant it using the way of transshipment.
If you decide to dive seedlings of pepper, then this can be done when the plants have two true leaves with a length of at least 5 mm. At this time, the root system is not yet very branched. If you missed this time, and the seedling leaves grew 2 cm long, you can also transplant your pepper. In such plants, the root system is already sufficiently branched, so when transplanting it is not necessary to pinch the central rootlet. Violation of the integrity of the roots of seedlings will occur in any case.
Growing pepper seedlings: fertilizing
Make your pepper seedlings at home well grown, her need to feed. Fertilizing is a very important point in growing pepper seedlings. Even if not to take into account that after a dive or handling the seedling begins to grow and develop in a good substrate, plants are not always able to obtain from the soil the right amount of nutrients. It is therefore recommended that fertilizer on seedling phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers.
Phosphorus needed for good plant growth and root development. But nitrogen is needed to increase of green mass. But remember that pepper does not tolerate too frequent or abundant fertilizers. so do not be zealous.
The first feeding performed two weeks after the appearance of 3 leaves. The second feeding carried out in 10-12 days after the first. During this time, the pepper should appear 4-5 leaves. The third feeding It is necessary only in the event that your seedlings are still too badly developed. In this case, the seedlings are fed only before landing on a permanent place.
For fertilizing plants can use dry poultry manure, organic liquid and dry fertilizers. It is best to alternate fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Growing pepper seedlings: hardening
Pepper is a very heat-loving plant, so before landing on the constant time it should temper. Thus, the seedlings of sweet pepper will get used to sunlight, wind and cool air.
Hardening should be started two weeks before planting peppers in the open ground. To do this, reduce the temperature in the room where your seedlings are growing, to 17-18 ° C. Take out your seedlings on the balcony. You can also open the window if it's warm enough in the street. But do not allow drafts! Start tempering plants from 1 hour. Then gradually increase the time staying in a cooler room until 8-12 hours. Do not forget that at night the seedlings should be brought back into the room.
Now your seedlings are completely ready for planting in the ground. It happens that buds already appear on seedlings even before planting them in the soil at the dacha. The transplant will adversely affect the plant, so flowers or buds can fall away. To prevent this from happening, sprinkle the seedlings with a solution of boric acid (1 tsp for 1 liter of hot water). Spray the seedlings with only cooled water. Also for the prevention of late blight it is recommended to spray the plants with Bordeaux liquid, copper chloride or any drug that you can buy at a special store. It is possible to spray the plants already after transplanting the seedlings permanently.