The first flowers in the garden is tulips. They bloom among the first only because in the winter the sprouts germinate so that after the snow melts, they are already peeking out of the ground. But how to achieve strong stems and good flowering tulips? Country Councils will tell you what should be right the cultivation of tulips in the garden.

The Tulip cultivation in the open ground, unlike home. does not require you to no effort. The most important thing is choosing the right location for planting bulbs, use fertilizer as needed to ensure flowering plants and preventive measures. so that your tulips are not affected by the variegated virus. But let's start in order.

Tulips: planting and care

Planting tulips takes place only in the autumn, when the temperature of the earth drops to 6-9°C. Planting bulbs should only be at this temperature, so that they have a good root system for the winter, and the sprout did not get very out of the ground.

Growing tulips is impossible without good soil. For tulips need a layer of fertile soil thickness of 30 cm. The earth should easily pass water and not be too dense. Correct these or other shortcomings of the soil can be due to fertilization or mulching.

For good flowering tulips can be fed any organic fertilizers   (except fresh manure). Such fertilizers are best applied in the spring in the same year, when you are going to plant tulip bulbs in the fall. You can also use fresh manure, but it will have to be brought in a year before the bulbs are planted.

Mineral fertilizers can be used multiple times. For the first time, feed the tulips when their sprouts appear above the ground. For such feeding on a bucket of water, use 30 g of nitrogen, 20 g of potassium and 30 g of phosphorus fertilizers. The second top dressing should be done just before the flowering of the plants. To do this, in a bucket of water, dilute 20 g of nitrogen and potassium and 30 g of phosphorus fertilizers. Third time, feed the tulips after the end of their flowering. To do this, use only phosphorus (30 g) and potassium (20 g) fertilizer.

The cultivation of tulips in the garden is dangerous because your plants can be susceptible to various diseases. Fungal diseases can develop due to prolonged wet weather. To combat the disease is to use fungicides. Pests, such as mole cricket. you can fight with special lures. But the pollen beetle can protect tulips only with a special mesh, which you can cover the plants. But it is also possible to process the plants before their flowering special preparations.

But the most dangerous disease that makes it difficult to grow tulips in the garden, is virus pestrolistnaja. affecting flowers. Cure plants from this virus is impossible, so it is much easier to prevent its spread. The virus is carried by sucking insects and nematodes, it is not always possible to protect themselves from it. Sometimes you can even buy bulbs that are infected with this virus, because of what this disease quickly spread to other plants.

What is this virus? The flowers and leaves of the plants show the typical white stripes, although you could see that these colors in your garden was not. In a couple of years the virus will completely hit the plant, its flower will become small, and the bulb will begin to deplete. As a result, the plant will die, but before that, insects and you can infect other tulips. Again, there is no cure for this virus. All sick plants should be gently scooped up and burned.

To prevent the spread of the virus,after cutting each Tulip disinfect equipment. Also wash your hands after working with infected plants.

The cultivation of tulips in the garden is good because you can cut the flowers or leave them to bloom in the flowerbed. Cut the flowers preferably early in the morning that the tulips had not yet blossomed. When the vase life colors leave on the plant for 2-3 leaf to the onion can continue to grow and grow. Faded tulips can be cut to the bulb not spending power on the maturation of the capsule with seeds.

Tulips reproduce by bulbs, so after a few years you will notice that next to the flowers that you planted, grow new plants. To propagate tulips, dig them when the leaves turn yellow. Usually this happens in mid-June-early July. Do not wait until the leaves are completely withered, otherwise the bulb will disintegrate into the ground and there will be a chance that you will not be able to dig out all the daughter bulbs. Excavated bulbs should be dried, cleaned from the upper scales and stored in boxes at a temperature of 20 ° C. Further, the cultivation of tulips from young bulbs takes place according to the described scheme, beginning with their planting in autumn.

Now you know how to grow tulips in the garden and take care of them. And with our advice growing tulips will not be difficult for you.