Yucca at home: care and breeding
Yucca is fairly undemanding house plant that can be grown in almost any apartment. To create the conditions for this flower is easy, and Yucca grows in the home very well. The land of the Soviets tell you how to care for Yucca.
Yucca is an evergreen plant that belongs to the family of agaves. Previously, yucca was considered to be a subgenus of dracene family of lilac, but at the moment such a classification is invalid. In nature, yucca can blossom, but at home it is almost impossible to achieve because of the conditions of detention. For the development of pedicels, yucca will require a long winter period, which it is sometimes impossible to create for a plant due to certain circumstances. Therefore, if yucca has blossomed at home, consider that you have created ideal conditions for it, similar to natural ones.
Jukka: care at home
A very large and unpretentious Yucca flower will not give you any trouble to take care of it. The plant requires absolutely little: dry air and suitable land. This exotic plant comes from Mexico, where it is known that the arid climate reigns, therefore, to the hot air and a little moisture, the yucca is calm.
The yucca grows at home for a very long time, therefore it retains its decorative appearance for a long time. So, there are species of plants that reach a height of up to 2 meters, but due to their natural growth characteristics, a yucca will take a very long time to reach such a size. Of course, you can keep houses and other types of yucca, which in height reach no more than 50 cm.
The location of the Yucca in the apartment
For yucca you will need a well-chosen position in the room. Yucca is very fond of the sun, so try to arrange your plant in the southern part of the apartment. she very well tolerates direct sunlight, even with the deficit of watering. If the yucca does not have enough sun, the shoots of the plant will stretch, and the leaves will turn yellow and fall off.
Temperature below 12 degrees yucca does not tolerate. The optimum temperature is 18-25 degrees in summer and 16-18 degrees in winter. However, in summer the plant can completely withstand and much higher temperatures. However, in winter, the temperature should be really much lower than in the summer, otherwise the yucca may get sick: fungal diseases are manifested by yellow-orange spots on the leaves or decay of the stem.
Note! If there are no southern-facing windows in your apartment, you will have to provide the yucca with additional lighting. It is better for him to use special lamps with a full spectrum, simulating the sun. If you want your yucca to be symmetrical and not curved, rotate it relative to the light source 180 degrees every 2 weeks.
Even though the yucca will be under the sun, it does not require too much water. In the summer, you can water Yucca only once a week. In winter, the number of watering can be reduced to once in 10 days. Nevertheless, watering should be, although rare, but abundant.
Before watering, check how dry the soil in the pot with yucca. Watering is possible only when the layer of dry ground reaches at least 5 cm. Water only with settled or filtered water. On 5 liters of ground yucca you need about a liter and a quarter of water for irrigation.
Note! If you water the yucca wrong - too abundant or unsuitable water - the leaves will start to curl, and brown formations appear at the edge of the sheet. Watch for the pallets: if there is water in it, watering is not necessary in any case.
Soil for yuccas
Yucca at home requires a suitable land. It is best to keep yucca in a nutritious mixture. It should consist of equal parts of foliage and turf, sand and humus, with a small addition of gravel. Soil mixture for yucca must necessarily provide a quick drain of water, otherwise the roots of the plant can rot.
At the bottom of the pot should be poured a thick layer of drainage. It is perfectly suitable for expanded clay, but you can also use pieces of red brick or broken pottery chips. In the soil can also be added for additional drainage of pure pumice, perlite and large wood chips. However, avoid using components that quickly crumble and lose their structure - they will make it difficult to drain the water, and then your yucca can get sick.
Note: If you decide to transplant yucca, choose a pot 3-4 cm larger than the diameter of its root system. And keep in mind that bending plastic yucca pots do not fit, it grows poorly in them and is often sick. It is best to replant yucca in early spring. Before replanting, soak yucca roots for 1 hour in warm water.
You can feed yucca 1 time in 2-4 weeks with soluble mineral or organic fertilizers. Most often, for fertilizing use a conventional fertilizer for indoor plants. However, it is best to use slow granular fertilizers, which need to be seldom applied, only once a year in the spring. The ratio of minerals for fertilizing yucca: 3 parts of nitrogen fertilizer, 1 part of phosphorus and 2 parts of potassium.
In addition to basic fertilizers, yucca requires foliar top dressing with microelements. It is best to buy special pills, liquids or granules with microelements for indoor plants. They are dissolved in water and applied directly to the leaves of the plant. Since the yucca does not tolerate spraying well, the leaves should first be gently wiped with wet gauze, then apply a solution of trace elements to them with a gauze swab. Do not forget that you need to apply the solution on both parts of the sheet, both upper and lower. Top-dressing with microelements is required for yucca also only from May to September, that is, during the period of rapid growth of the plant. Do them once a month.
Note! Although the Yucca is in need of regular feeding, the need for mineral substances it is less than ordinary houseplants. Make approximately half or slightly more than half the amount of fertilizer that will be recommended in the instructions for your purchased drugs.
Yucca grows in the form of a tree - it has a trunk, from which the leaves grow. The adult yucca is very similar to a palm tree, although it is not. You can propagate it in several ways.
Propagation of Yucca by cuttings
- In the early summer or spring cut off the top part of the plant that is at least 5-10 cm.
Important! Cuttings of yucca are possible only if the height of the plant has reached at least 30 cm. You can do this from March to August, but it is best - in the spring, during the rapid growth of the plant.
Note! The plant from which you cut off the top to the stem will not perish. Just leave on it still more leaves - the more leaves remain, the quicker and easier the yucca will recover after cutting. After a while, new shoots will begin to develop on the trunk, and you will get a branching tree, still similar to a palm tree.
The reproduction of Yucca seeds
Best yucca grows from the seeds at home.
- Perform the scarification of seeds of Yucca: sandpaper carefully nodelete peel seed, so it was easier to arise in far from natural conditions.
- Wisata seeds in a light potting mix which consists of equal amounts of sand, turf and ground sheet. Seeding depth – 2.5-3 diameter of the seed.
- Pot cover glass and daily ventilate the crops. Do not allow drying of the substrate.
- The optimum temperature for seed germination of Yucca – 25-30 degrees.
- After germination, allow the Yucca to form 1 sheet.
- To dive down plants in disposable cups with a capacity of 100 ml. soil should be used already the same as for adult plants.
- A week after picking soil small plants of Yucca with a solution of 1 g of NPK in 1 liter water. Repeat this feeding every 2 weeks.
- After forming 4-5 leaves of the Yucca can be considered already an adult. Now it only requires replanting and proper care.
Note! Although the yucca seeds are sprinkled with earth, they need good illumination for bright germination, but scattered light for germination. The first shoots will appear no earlier than a month after sowing.
The reproduction of Yucca suckers
In some cases, especially if the yucca you have for some reason left without roots and there is only a stem, it can be propagated with the help of offspring or rooting part of the trunk.
- Take low and long pot (any container with holes at the bottom to be drained of excess water) and fill it with wet sand, tamping well.
- The trunks of yuccas lay the pot horizontally and lightly press down for good contact with wet sand.
- Soon, the sleeping buds will wake up on the trunk and give new shoots along with the roots.
- Cut the trunk into as many parts as there are sprouts.
- Every part of the trunk and put in a separate pot.
Note: Care for entrenched yucca offspring is required exactly the same as for plants that have emerged from the seeds. When the shoots have 4-5 leaves, they can already be considered adult plants of yucca.
Hello. And I have the same story in Yucca yellowed leaves and some already fell off her trunk from the bottom a little soft! what to do please say! probably transfused it can be this? what to do! Thank you in advance!
Hello. Yukki began to turn yellow leaves, and some did not fall! but the rest are growing! and the trunk from the bottom became a bit soft! what to do please say! probably transfused it can be this? what to do!?
the husband brought from the south two yucca poles. They gave leaves in 2-3 places, but there are still no roots. What do the sellers in the south say that you need to plant in a pot after the roots appear .. After 3 months. We keep everything in the water.
Yucca is perfectly rooted in moist sand.
if Yukka sharply turned yellow leaves, and some did not fall! but the rest are growing! and the trunk from the bottom became a bit soft! what to do please say! probably transfused it can be this? what to do!
The soft trunk, the smell, the midges, realized that the plant was dying, the tail of the shabby remained, took a chance. I broke off the remaining shoots from the trunk, threw the trunk (I did not know what could be cut and put), and put it in the water (15 in the yard November). A week later, all the stems, with the remaining leaves, were covered with peeped roots, immediately planted in the ground (bought for yucca). The week is green, new leaves have gone. That's how it was saved, I hope! Only now did I read what to do, and so, all in a whim of doing, I was sorry for the plant. Maybe my comment to someone it's useful Good luck!
My yucca is already four years old, reached a height of 80 cm. I could not get enough of her, but suddenly in one day the yuccock hung her head, the trunk became soft. Help!
Tell me please, my yukkashechki twist the leaves, what do I do wrong? Thank you.
By the appearance of the leaves it is easy to identify the lack of care and take the necessary measures. If the tips of the leaves turn brown or dry spots appear on them, then the humidity of the air needs to be increased, and watering done more often. Softness and twisting of the leaves indicate the need to raise the air temperature. Light spots indicate too intense illumination. If the yucca turns yellow, then this indicates a lack of lighting. Gray spots and specks are traces of pests to be controlled with insecticides. If the process of rotting the trunk begins, then it is almost impossible to save the yucca ..
Hello, my yucca is already about 6 years old and this year the leaves began to give out some kind of stickiness, even on the floor the feet stick, if anyone knows what it is, tell me