Pruning currant: black currant
Pruning berry bushes is one of the most important guarantees high productivity. But it is by no means impossible to produce without thinking, to take into account features of different plants. For example, pruning currant will differ depending on whether we are dealing with black or red currants. How to cut black currants?
Why do we need pruning currant? There are three main purposes of pruning. formation of a bush, constant updating of a plant and normalization of loading by a crop. If the berries on the bush are too many, their size decreases and the taste deteriorates. Here the principle "is better less, yes it is better" works. It is important to find a balance between the quantity and quality of the crop.
The first crop of currants is made immediately after landing. Seedling is cut very strongly, leaving only 2-4 well-developed buds on each branch. Now the currant can be left alone until next year.
Next year we need to leave 3-4 zero (annual) branches growing from the roots. To leave the strongest branch, and the rest cut. It is impossible to leave frail and underdeveloped branches, as well as branches that are in shading or threaten with shading to other branches. The remaining branches need to shorten the tops.
In the third year you should remove the weak annual shoots, and a strong annual shoots and perennial branches to be shortened by one third. Such trimming of the currant should be conducted annually, then in 4-5 years you will finish the formation of the bush. With every trimming, all the sick, broken, shrinking, thickening bush and simply unnecessary zeroth branches should be removed.
At the sixth-seventh year, when the Bush is finished, you need remove 5-6 year branches that have lost the capacity for growth and fruiting. To remove them without hesitation: the use of them has no. If you think that without them, the hive will be too rare, it is better to leave more young twigs, than the "ballast" of old. In subsequent years pruning currant and the formation of the Bush continues in the normal way, don't forget to trim off old branches.
What to do if you "prohlopali ears" cut, and Bush had much to thicken? If the currants are not pruned for a long time, it will be a lot of old branches that not only that they themselves do not grow and not produce fruit, but more and more young branches to develop not allowed. Therefore, all the old branches you want to remove young — decimate. Then you will provoke the growth of zero shoots, and already on their basis you can normally form a bush.
If the Bush is highly dense, pruning currant can be stretched for two years. In the first year it is necessary to remove all unproductive branches older than 5-6 years. And the next year you can put everything in order. The ideal option is when there are 2-4 branches of each age on the bush. But when working with a strongly thickened bush, it is not always possible to achieve this immediately, so just make sure that there are no unproductive and shaded branches on the bush.
Cutting off branches, you need to make a cut at the soil level or even below. If they remain "hemp", the base of the Bush is too dense. This Foundation is the perfect refuge for pests and diseases, and you don't want to expose their current excess risk.
When is pruning currant? Some prefer to produce a crop in late autumn or early winter (until the snow fell), and in the spring prune the broken branches and frozen tops. And some do all pruning in the spring, in this case, trim the blackcurrants need in early spring, before budding. But still better to do it in the fall because the berries before beginning to develop the buds, and they are easy to break off. Summer pruning of black currant is not required.
This is only a General scheme trim: the nuances can vary depending on the varieties of black currant. more precisely, from its shoot-forming ability. The red currant is cut in a different way; about pruning red and white currants, we'll tell you in one of our next articles.