Pest of cabbage
Pest of cabbage on the dacha starts from the time of transplanting in the open ground and ends a month before harvest. At all other times of the growing season the plants are susceptible to numerous pests, which can significantly spoil your crop.
Large fleshy leaves of cabbage attract a variety of beetles and butterflies. The next generation grew up, insects need food. Of course, what better place than your cabbage bed, they did not find. However, note that different cabbage pests are also a threat to other crops of the cabbage family: radishes, canola, radish, mustard, rutabaga, turnips. In order not to lose a crop, it is necessary to protect your plants from pests.
Protecting cabbage from pests
There are various methods of dealing with pests of cabbage. This includes deep digging of the soil of the cabbage beds for the winter so that the insects can not survive. Timely weeding from weeds and harvesting plants will also help you fight pests of cabbage. And do not forget about spraying plants with various infusions. We will tell you more about various pests and measures to combat them.
Cruciferous flea Is the main pest that affects the leaves of cabbage and other cruciferous crops. In appearance it is a small bouncing beetle about 2-3 mm long. The main method of combating the cruciferous flea is regular weeding of weeds, which belong to the family of cabbage (shepherd's bag, raisin, field coater, sverbig, borax, zherushnik). You can cover cabbage seedlings with agrobel, but this is only in sunny weather. In the rest, one should rely only on spraying plants with various infusions. Of folk remedies, pollination of plants with tobacco dust mixed with ash and lime can be used. Polluted plants early in the morning on dew. The use of chemicals is a more reliable method, but harmful.
Small brown butterfly scoops lay in late spring their eggs on the underside of leaves of cabbage. After three weeks it appears the caterpillars that gnaw the leaves of openings of irregular shape. Scoop the cabbage can get in the forming heads of cabbage, where they gnaw through the numerous passages. The heads become unfit for consumption. To fight this pest, it is recommended that the deep digging of garden beds for the winter. You can also manually collect postponed cutworms eggs and young caterpillars until they became absorbed in the cabbage. The use of various microbiological or chemical drugs will be justified only if the plants have a lot of tracks. Methods of dealing with the cabbage cutworms can also be used to kill caterpillars cabbage white (white butterfly with black spots on the wings).
Cabbage aphids sticks to the bottom edges of cabbage leaves and sucks the juice from the plant. Mass lesions of cabbage aphids can be very easily noticed: the leaves become discolored, they can acquire a bluish-pink tint or twist. Measures to control cabbage aphids are: cleaning and burning of all plant residues from the autumn beds, digging the soil for the winter and regular weeding of the cabbage family on the cabbage beds. If all these methods do not help, you can wipe the leaves of the plant with a soap solution. Still, spraying plants with infusions and decoctions of potato and tomato toppings, onions, garlic, and tobacco helps.
All similar methods against aphids (except wiping the leaves with a soap solution) can be used to get rid of cruciferous bugs. which affects all cruciferous crops. To find these bugs very easily: they have a long body (5-10 mm) and mottled coloration of the wings. Cruciferous bugs are the most outstanding representatives of these bugs. Depending on the species of bugs, the color may vary.
Two other well-known pest of cabbage, are the cause of most problems is the leaf beetle cabbage and cabbage krutogolovy (in the people the name "weevil" is more common). These two types of pests damage cabbage. And if the cabbage cabbage simply gnaws large holes in the leaves, then the secretive sphincter is dangerous because it lays eggs in the veins and stalk of plants. The larvae of the secretive sphincter gnaw through the leaves, penetrate into the stems and make moves, reaching the root. Depending on the degree of damage to the plant, cabbages may lag behind in development or die. The fight against these pests is as follows: weeding the plants from weeds, digging up the soil, cleaning the remains of plants from the beds in autumn. To combat cabbage sprouts, pollination with a mixture of tobacco dust and ash can also be used. And in order to stop the cabbage secretly, the plants damaged by it should be immediately discarded and burned.
Pest management cabbage is a labor — intensive activity. But all methods of pest control are limited to the main rules. weeding from weeds, digging beds for the winter, loosening the soil and collecting larvae from the leaves. Such methods as spraying are used only in the event that pests were not prevented from avoiding the defeat of cabbage. If the damage is minor, then you can safely use folk methods. Otherwise, it is necessary to resort to stronger chemical preparations.