Rosemary: how to grow Many spices are less popular with us than they deserve, because getting them is quite difficult, and not everyone is able to grow exotic plants at home. But some spices, for example, rosemary, can be grown at home or at the cottage. What you need to know if you decide togrowing rosemary ?
To start, try to grow rosemary indoors - it's easier than trying to grow a thermophilic Mediterranean plant in the open. One kind of rosemary is suitable for growing a house - Rosemary sweet (Rosmarin officinalis).
Rosemary is propagated by seeds, cuttings, dividing the Bush, but the best start growing rosemary from the adult plant. which can be purchased in a flower shop, and even better - in a specialized garden center. Adult rosemary will cost you a little more than a small sprout, but much less likely that the plant will die.
Growing rosemary — the process is not too simple, but if you follow the rules of care for rosemary, you will be rewarded with its blooms and fragrance. Rosemary is a heat — loving and photophilous plant. which does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. Therefore, at home, it is better to put rosemary at the window, and if possible at the southern: the more light gets on the rosemary, the more fragrant its leaves (lack of light reduces the content of the plant essential oil).
In the warm season (after the end of frosts) it is desirable to take out rosemary on the balcony. Return it to the room you need when the temperature begins to tend to zero. For the winter, the rosemary is transferred to the coolest room in the house, but it is surely placed at the lightest window.Rosemary needs a cold winter at a temperature of 5-15 degrees, since it is the guarantee of subsequent flowering. Since it gets dark early in the winter, rosemary should preferably be highlighted with a special lamp.
Water the rosemary sparingly: for him the harmful and drying of the substrate, and excessive watering. If there is a lack of moisture in the plant, leaves turn yellow, if over-watered, it can dump them, and stagnant water can even lead to the death of rosemary. Rosemary is drought-tolerant enough, but we advise you not to check the degree of this stability in practice. Excessive irrigation for rosemary is much more dangerous than inadequate.
On hot days, especially if you put a plant in the sun, it should be watered abundantly, but to prevent water stagnation. In winter, the plant is watered regularly, but moderately. In the spring, as the air temperature rises, watering can gradually increase - this will stimulate the growth of the plant.
That rosemary Bush was thicker spring pruned (when pruning leave three or four interstices of growth of the previous year). If the adult rosemary bare stems, you need in February and March to rejuvenate the pruning, cutting off the shoots at the very surface of the earth. In such pruning, rosemary needs about once every seven years.
Also in early spring if you want to produce transplant rosemary into a fresh substrate. Usually, rosemary is transplanted every two years, but if it has a dense root system, it will take an annual transplant. For the transplant, you need to take a pot of a slightly larger size with good drainage (this plant especially likes terracotta pots).
The substrate need loose, light, permeable, with good aeration, a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction, rich in humus. You can, for example, to try this composition. 1 part of sand, 2 parts of turf, deciduous and humus earth.
From March to September lasts for the period of active vegetation, during which rosemary should to fertilize organic and mineral fertilizers. Especially this plant needs calcium.
Growing rosemary requires more effort than growing many other indoor plants, but the result is definitely worth it!