The most common diseases of chinchillas
To avoid diseases of your Pets, you need to carefully follow all the recommendations of experienced breeders and veterinarians. Although sometimes even with the full feeding and good care chinchillas sometimes they get sick and die.
This can happen for a variety of reasons: in the stern there could be pathogens of infectious diseases that then fell into the gastrointestinal tract and caused the disease of the animal or water was the source of microorganisms causing infectious diseases and poisoning.
Keep in mind that chinchillas are highly intelligent and by nature very emotional, so they are prone to stress, and acute and chronic cardiovascular diseases. In General chinchillas have a strong enough immunity and no preventive annual vaccinations, they don't normally do. But with the weakening of immunity, animals can be susceptible to any disease.
Chinchillas carry infectious, noninfectious and parasitic diseases. Disturbance of the gastrointestinal tract usually comes as a result of feeding poor-quality food. Moldy food, dirty, stale water, excessive consumption of juicy grass or a sudden change in diet causes diarrhea and constipation in animals. A change in the flora of the stomach or water regime can lead to the multiplication of microbes, which can lead to poisoning and death of the animal.
Fatty liver – disease caused by the use of granular products that have been stored for a long period of time. Prohormone fat, newsweekall carotene – that's what happens when you do this. Histological changes in the liver is the end result of such food. It is therefore recommended to include in the diet of substances having a protective effect and purifying the liver.
If you keep a group of chinchillas, confrontation and “showdown” between them is inevitable. Often, animals injure each other, and you need to be able to properly help them, because the chinchillas have a characteristic characteristic, however, for all rodents - to gnaw out the broken limb disturbing them, or at least try to do it. Therefore, it is important to properly apply tires, if necessary, to use painkillers to reduce the pain and anxiety caused by the wound.
Wounds on the head and the body to be treated with hydrogen peroxide. to apply antiseptic ointment. For more serious injuries you should consult a doctor and do not engage in “Amateur” as the animal this can become even worse.
Conjunctivitis chinchillas can develop for several reasons. It can be getting into the eye of dust and small fumes, gases, means of disinfection, pathogenic bacteria. The uncleared litter with waste and urine, which emits ammonia, also irritates the mucous membrane of the eye. In this case, the eyes of the animal are washed with a 3% solution of boric acid or decoction of chamomile. In the treatment of conjunctivitis, eye drops containing antibiotics are used.
As animals grow, they have problems with their teeth, especially worriedthe wrong growth of teeth and periodontal disease. The teeth of chinchillas have open roots, which makes it possible to grow throughout the life of the animal. In the natural environment, the chinchillas' teeth are erased as the owner's lifestyle leads them. At home, with a deficiency in the diet of vitamins A and D, as well as calcium and phosphorus, strong growth of teeth is observed. If the animal does not have the ability to grind its teeth on a hard surface, they begin to grow unchecked, which then leads to more complicated feeding. In this case, it is best to seek advice from a veterinarian.