Spathiphyllum: home care
Spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum) is a fairly common perennial plant from the family of the aroid, which grows in East Asia, Polynesia and South America.
To date, spathiphyllum is a "favorite" among a large number of indoor plants.
Care for a Spathiphyllum at home
Spathiphyllum is a light-loving plant, but it feels fine under penumbra and even shadows. The ideal location is the north side. At the same time, the flower loves heat and it grows well at temperatures from 18 to 23 ° C.
The flower is not well tolerated by drafts. The growth and development of this exotic plant is also directly related to the correctness of irrigation. In spring and summer, when spathiphyllum blossoms, watering must necessarily be abundant, but in the winter period - moderate. Moreover, the water should be watered only by standing water.
Spraying spathiphyllum perceives well. In general, high humidity is the main condition for its growth. In order to ensure it is recommended to use a special pallet with sand or wet moss, a native of a humid climate will definitely appreciate it!
During the winter rest, moderately dry air for spathiphyllum will be more useful.
In autumn and in spring it is necessary to feed the flower once a week. It is better to use universal fertilizers or special fertilizing for flowering plants.
The rest of the time to fertilize Spathiphyllum need no more than 2-3 times a week. In the period when the plant blooms, do not forget to cut inflorescences have lost their decorative appearance. Moreover, this not only adds to the Spathiphyllum visual appeal, but also significantly activates the formation of new buds.
Having such a houseplant, remember that every year it must be transplanted into a pot larger in size. It is best to take a mixture consisting of turf, leaf, humus and peat land, as well as sand. It is also recommended to add a small amount of charcoal or brick chips.
Take care and quality drainage. If after the transplantation the leaves of the spathiphyllum begin to fade, immediately begin plentiful irrigation (several times a day). And avoid during the transplantation of the flower damage to the roots, as this can also lead to wilting. Always remember abundant watering and spraying.
Diseases and treatment of spathiphyllum
If you do not give the plant proper care, this can lead to multiple problems of its development and growth.
If it's too much to water spathiphyllum, the tips of the leaves turn black. With excess moisture, yellow and brown dry spots can form on them.
Why not Spathiphyllum bloom? Most likely, the fault of the very large size of the pot. For flowering of Spathiphyllum necessary that its roots had filled the entire container in which it grows. Excessive illumination may cause problems with the root system. And all of this creates a favorable environment for the habitat of parasites.
The main pests of spathiphyll include shield aphids, which is able to completely suck the juice from the plant. Her appearance is indicated by dark spots on the leaves and shoots of the flower. In addition to aphids, the plant is often exposed to a spider mite. It is very difficult to see for yourself, but here is a thin white spider web between the leaves that is seen quite well.
In order to destroy all pests, spray the plant with prepared insecticides, pollinate it with ground sulfur or treat it with tobacco soap with soap of low concentration. If you observe the basic conditions of growing and care at home, spathiphyllum will certainly please you with abundant flowering and beautiful appearance!
Author: Katerina Sergeenko