Caring for camellias in the home, photos
Camellia is an evergreen plant of the tea family. She can grow at home in a pot, and in the spacious garden. Due to the dense crown and brilliant leaves, the plant looks great in any season, and in the period of flowering of camellias in General is simply impossible to look away.
Caring for camellias in the home
Of course, for a good Camellia growth requires proper care. As for the lighting, it must be diffused. Moreover, additionally it is recommended that each side of the plants, alternately turning toward the light. It will exclude "one-sided" growth.
It is forbidden to turn the Bush during the formation of buds, as with an awkward movement of them can easily be damaged. In the hottest period of time, the Camellia should be taken to fresh air, but only in the place where there is no direct sunlight. All contain the plant in summer should be at a temperature of 25 degrees, in winter at 20 degrees.
In the flowering period, experts recommend you to remove the plant in a cool room with a temperature of 12 degrees, otherwise the flowering occurs much earlier, and the flowers always have a nondescript appearance: sluggish, dull, quickly fall down. With regard to soil moisture, then hold it very carefully.
Excessive glut of soil moisture can cause root rot, but the dryness of the soil adversely affects the growth of Camellia. In summer, watering the plant abundantly, but did not fill. Better if the air in the room will be high humidity.
To do this, the stems and leaves of plants should be regularly sprayed with water pooled, although the flowers moisture should not get into. Feeding is carried out by special fertilizers annually every three weeks.
Propagation of camellias
Easy enough Camellia propagated by seeds. They can be sown immediately after harvest, as the seeds quickly lose their germination capacity. The most ideal soil for planting is a mixture of peat, sand, and in equal amounts. In order that the seeds quickly germinate, the temperature must be at least 22 degrees.
In General, the seedlings grow for 12 months. Young seedlings less resistant to adverse conditions, although with proper care develop and grow very rapidly. The first flowering begins after 5-7 years and sometimes even after 2 years.
As a rule, for breeding the cultivar of camellias, it is better to give preference to the vegetative method, namely propagation by cuttings. They are cut in July and August and planted in the prepared soil.
Main disease and treatment.
Like all garden plants, camellias, especially when improper care, can get sick. For example, due to the emergence of fungal infections on its leaves appear gray and black spots, as on the leaves – brown spots. In severe cases the plant completely throws off the foliage.
For treatment of these diseases need to use a special fungicidal drugs, but better "sick" plant to throw. Excessive moisture in the soil leads to root rot. The powdery mildew is another disease that is common in camellias. It manifests itself in the form of grayish spots on the leaves.
To get rid of it is a good soap. Sensitive Camellia and cucumber mosaic virus causing yellowing of leaf veins. From plant pests that may be on the Bush, it is recommended to apply insecticides.
And the biggest problem for camellias is Skosarev a single. This type of weevils destroying the roots, which instantly leads to the death of the plant. From beetle skosarev rid of by spraying with special chemicals.