Caring for camellias in the home, photos
Camellia is an evergreen plant of the tea family. She can grow at home in a pot, and in the spacious garden. Due to the dense crown and brilliant leaves, the plant looks great in any season, and in the period of flowering of camellias in General is simply impossible to look away.
Caring for camellias in the home
Naturally, good growth of camellia requires proper care. As far as lighting is concerned, it must be scattered. Moreover, it is additionally recommended that each side of the plant alternately turn to light. This completely excludes "one-sided" growth.
It is forbidden to turn the bush during the formation of buds, as with awkward movement they can easily be damaged. In a hot period, the camellia should be taken to fresh air, but only in a place where there is no direct sunlight. In general, the plant should be kept in summer at a temperature of 25 degrees, in winter at 20 degrees.
In the flowering period, experts recommend you to remove the plant in a cool room with a temperature of 12 degrees, otherwise the flowering occurs much earlier, and the flowers always have a nondescript appearance: sluggish, dull, quickly fall down. With regard to soil moisture, then hold it very carefully.
Excessive supersaturation of the soil with moisture can lead to rotting of the roots, but overdrying the soil adversely affects the growth of the camellia. Water this plant abundantly in the summer, but do not fill it. It is better if the air in the room is high humidity.
To do this, the stems and leaves of plants should be regularly sprayed with water pooled, although the flowers moisture should not get into. Feeding is carried out by special fertilizers annually every three weeks.
Propagation of camellias
It is easy enough to multiply the camellia with seeds. They can be sown right after harvesting, as the seeds very quickly lose their ability to germinate. The most ideal soil for sowing is a mixture of peat, sand, and in equal quantities. In order for seeds to ascend quickly, the air temperature should be at least 22 degrees.
In General, the seedlings grow for 12 months. Young seedlings less resistant to adverse conditions, although with proper care develop and grow very rapidly. The first flowering begins after 5-7 years and sometimes even after 2 years.
As a rule, for the propagation of varietal camellias, it is better to give preference to the vegetative method, namely propagation by cuttings. They are cut in July-August and planted in the prepared soil.
Major diseases and treatment of camellia
Like all garden plants, camellias, especially when improper care, can get sick. For example, due to the emergence of fungal infections on its leaves appear gray and black spots, as on the leaves – brown spots. In severe cases the plant completely throws off the foliage.
For treatment of these diseases need to use a special fungicidal drugs, but better "sick" plant to throw. Excessive moisture in the soil leads to root rot. The powdery mildew is another disease that is common in camellias. It manifests itself in the form of grayish spots on the leaves.
Soap solutions help to get rid of it. The camellia is also sensitive to the cucumber mosaic virus, which causes yellowing of the leaf veins. From plant pests, which can be on the bush, it is recommended to conduct treatment with insecticides.
And the biggest problem for camellias is the Skosar solitary. This type of weevils destroys the roots, which immediately leads to the death of the plant. From the beetle-horseman get rid of by spraying with special pesticides.