How to properly care for Guinea pigs
You brought home Guinea pig ... Congratulations! Now the responsibility for her life and health rests on your shoulders. If you properly care for this rodent, he can live for about 5-8 years. In order that the animal wasn't sick and lived a long and happy life, you need to follow a few simple rules of its content.
The first thing you need to consider is where to keep the animal. Mostly use cell old aquariums reserved for another occasion. Cage for Guinea pigs should be at least 50 cm in length and about the same in height, usually - the more, the better. Especially if you're not going to let the pig run free. Remember that from lack of movement, mumps can suffer from obesity and other diseases.
A very convenient option cells with a plastic tray, it can easily be removed and cleaned. On the tray is usually poured hay or sawdust. It is necessary that the sawdust or hay is thoroughly dried, because the under-dried ones are the breeding ground for microbes. Clean the cage and change the filler every day.
Guinea pigs it is not advisable to put a container of water in a cell so that it can capsize and get wet. The drinking bowl is better to choose the vertical, which is attached to the lattice of the cage. It is also convenient for an animal to drink from ball drinkers. Water is recommended to use filtered or boiled, and change it every day. Pigs do not immediately learn to drink from a drinker, sometimes they need to be taught: substitute a drinker's nose to the mouth of the mumps, and press a little to let the water go.
Feeders you will need two for dry food and for green. They must be stable so that the animal could not turn over. The diet of Guinea pigs generally consists of hay and green forage. Don't forget to always check to see if Dossena hay. If not – it should not be offered to the animal, so it is not sick. Today in pet stores there is a huge assortment of prepared feeds. But it is better not to make them the basis of the diet.
Hay and dry food should be in a cage always, and succulent feed can be fed at the same time, 1-3 times a day. Pig can not be fed with dairy products, bread, eggs, potatoes. It is not necessary to give exotic fruit for testing, and it is also necessary to keep all indoor plants as far as possible. It is advisable to add a little vitamin C to the drinker.
Long-haired Guinea pigs need daily combing with a brush comb. Try to teach your Guinea pig to this procedure from an early age. You will need to take the animal to his knees, having spread in front of this towel. Then unravel the hair comb with long teeth. Animal hair can be slightly moistened with water from a spray to comb less touched and pulled hairs. Guinea pigs with short hair should be brushed twice a week only during the shedding seasons, usually spring and autumn.
But to bathe a Guinea pig only in case of extreme necessity in warm water with special shampoo. After bathing guinea pig should be well dried and identified in a place protected from a draft, otherwise the animal can quickly catch a cold.
The claws of guinea pigs grow constantly. but, not being able to wear off, they round off, bending fingers to the animal. Therefore, you will have to shear the animal's claws approximately once every 1-2 months, cutting off the outgrown claw so as not to touch the vessels located inside the claw. If nevertheless the vessels were damaged, then the claw should be treated with a solution of hydrogen peroxide or with dry powder of potassium permanganate.