Myrtle occurs in the countries of the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Azores. At one time, the appearance of this plant was so popular with gardeners that they brought out small, decorative species to make it an indoor plant. In nature, trees can reach five meters, and as a vase - sixty centimeters. Myrtle has dense dark leaves, and flowers are white and small.

In perfumery, essential oil is actively used, which is extracted from the leaves of the plant. At home, it will not work, but you can decorate the interior with this plant.

Planting, cultivation of Myrtle and care

Although this plant lives in natural conditions, at home it should pay much attention. Myrtle will not be lush and blooming if you do not water and feed it in time. Therefore, to grow a beautiful bush or tall tree, you need proper care.

  1. To cover its needs mainly slant the sun's rays. But direct sun exposure the plant tolerates fine. Ideal Western and Eastern Windows. But if you have to put the Myrtle on the South side, devise a way to protect it from the midday heat. On the North side, he also will not disappear, but will not actively flowering, and in cold season it will have to transfer in a more lighted place.
  2. The Myrtle loves the cool air, so spring and autumn in the room should be about twenty degrees, and winter temperatures can be much lower (but not less than five degrees). Otherwise, it may lose leaves.
  3. Pay attention to humidity. On hot days it is especially much in need of care. Therefore, in addition to irrigation obrushivaet the leaves of the plant to defend or filtered water.
  4. Do not worry if Mirt has ceased to bloom. Most likely, it is the rest period that can last from two weeks to three months.
  5. A popular trend among florists was giving Myrtle a special form. The plant responds well to shearing, but if you decided to make it something special, try not to touch the young shoots, so the tree can develop normally.

Propagated and transplanted Mirt

Plants must have an annual transplant. Try not too to deepen the barrel in the ground to prevent it rotting. Further to transplant Myrtle need one every three years. It should be required to observe the proportions in the soil. There must be logged peat, sand, sod and humus. You also need to provide good soil drainage.

Seed propagation

Seeds are evenly spread over the substrate, covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 20 degrees under the glass. At constant watering seedlings appear within two weeks, but the sprouts to transplant into pots will be possible only after a month, when finally formed root system.

Reproduction by cuttings

Cuttings are transplanted into special boxes in January and February. Boxes must be stored in a dark place to actively form the root system. Future plants need to be covered with glass or film, but sometimes air. Plant a myrtle in the open ground it will be possible in a month.

How to deal with diseases and pests

He's more of changing climatic conditions, rather than diseases. If it's too dark to be small and pale leaves

But even at home myrtle can be attacked by pests. The most popular of them are spider mite, pemphig and coccid. But do not rush to spray your home plant with special means.

To combat spider mites will sufficiently wash the plant under a powerful water jet, and other pests to apply the aqueous soap solution, wiping brush infected leaves.