Fittonia – groundcover perennial, come to us from the tropics of Peru. It is a small shrub to 10 cm high and 30 cm wide. Interesting its unusual leaves covered with an openwork pattern of white or pink mesh. This flower is quite unpretentious, to take care of him easily. Most popular fittonia Versatility with relatively small leaves. It is often used in compositions with other plants.
This decorative plant is very beautiful, attracts attention due to its brightness and interesting coloring of the leaves. There are many types of fittonia, and not all of them are easy to clean, but believe me, the result is worth it. It is believed that it is quite capricious, therefore, it is very important to comply with all the rules and recommendations for caring for it.
This kind of flower is beautiful enough and unpretentious, got its name because of the coloring. On small, delicate leaves they have pronounced veins of white color. She loves light, grows well, becomes like a decorative carpet, but if it is in a poorly lit room, it will most likely stretch up like a tree.
Care at home
Fittonia, like all brightly colored plants prefers bright diffused light. But direct sun should be protected. Best fit Western and Eastern Windows or prichenennye South. In the winter you will need additional lighting.
The optimum temperature for cultivation in summer is 22-25° C, in winter it should not be below 18° C. the Abrupt change in temperature and drafts fittoniya not stand.
Since it comes from the rainforest, it also requires humidity. Spraying should be carried out 2 times a day, and the pot should be placed well in a pallet with moistened moss or expanded clay. Perfectly feels this houseplant in the aquarium. In watering, you should adhere to the golden mean - do not fill, but do not overdry. Stagnant water can lead to a critical decay of the roots, and drying to the fall of the leaves.
As the substrate will fit a mixture of equal parts of turf and leaf soil, sand and peat. At the bottom of the pot set good drainage of expanded clay or gravel. It is fast growing, so we need annual replanting. Below the Bush was lush, you need to pinch back the shoots.
The flower room is easily propagated in several ways. The easiest division of a Bush. This can be done when transplanting in the spring, carefully dividing the roots. You can also use the cuttings – the top with a few leaves. They take root in moist soil or in water. After this landed. Another simple way is by layering, the type of garden bushes of currants and gooseberries. But for this purpose, only the old copies. You can propagate fittonia and seeds. For this purpose they are sown shallowly in a pot with the substrate, covered with foil and put in a dark place. The seeds germinate fairly quickly.
This deciduous ornamental plant requires special fertilizers and care. Its flowering occurs in the wild. Homemade species bloom very rarely. Its flowers are yellow, located in the inflorescence, similar to the spikelets. If in your case you did not observe such a phenomenon, pay attention to fertilizers and soil composition. Perhaps there is not enough potassium or phosphate in the soil, then it is worth to feed it and pay more attention.
Diseases and pests
The plant is afraid of dry air and bright sun, drafts, from which the leaves can twist and wither. It is also dangerous for him to cold. Most often, it affects such pests as - aphids, spider mites, whitefly, thrips, mealybug.