Plumeria: a photo and home care
Plumeria – a wonderful plant, which is among the most beautiful in the world. It grows in Thailand, Laos, Bali, where is a national symbol. The plant is a shrub belonging to the succulents. The leaves are elongated, leathery, with raised veins.
What is the care at home
For the successful cultivation of this exotic plant, a sufficient amount of direct sunlight is needed, ideally - at least 6 hours per day. Otherwise, it will not be possible to achieve flowering. In addition, if there is a shortage of light, it can discard the leaves and lose their decorativeness. Plumeria is a tall tree, so it will look beautiful if it is covered with foliage.
Watering is necessary abundantly, especially on hot days. Sometimes watered even twice a day. But waterlogging also should not be allowed. To do this, a good drainage is arranged at the bottom of the pot, and the soil must be loose, breathing. To the rigidity of water undemanding, you can use even a tap. Humidity of the environment does not matter much, the plant feels well in the apartment, but periodic spraying does not hurt.
Since this plant is semi-leafy, it is important to arrange periods of rest in winter. The light day naturally decreases, so it is better to reduce the temperature to 12-14 ° C, stop watering. The plant can be cut off and left so until spring.
If providing a cold winter is difficult, then use additional lighting, watering at the same time leave. The latter especially if the plant has leaves.
It is recommended to fertilize during active growth in spring and summer, once every two weeks.
Fertilizers should be complex, balanced in relation to nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
When bloom plumeria
This beautiful plant got its popularity due to the bright fragrant flowers. Large buds located at the tips of shoots, five-petal pink-orange-yellow color. Most often, blooming occurs in the spring, then updated through the leaves, this process lasts long enough for almost all summer. Their size depends on age. Has amazing, sensual fragrance, combining notes of citrus, Jasmine, Gardenia and spices. It is particularly busy in the morning. Based on the plumeria scent perfumer Mercutio frangipani was created the now famous perfume. They were loved by Catherine de Medici. And nowadays is widely used in perfumery.
The plant contains poisonous SAP, it can act at the slightest damage to any part thereof, should be extremely cautious. If there was a skin contact, rinse the place with plenty of water.
How to propagate
This plant multiplies by seeds and cuttings.
How to grow plumeria from seeds photos
Before planting seeds are soaked in warm water and treated with fungicide to prevent rotting. The seeds are then planted in loose substrate such as peat or leaf soil. The pot should preferably be covered with glass, and to maintain the soil humid. After about a week the seeds germinate. Their germination is almost 100%. The grown seedlings are planted separately. With this method of breeding a plant bloom for 4-5 year.
For this method, it is necessary to cut off the apical shoot, 30 cm long. Cuttings cut off poisonous milky juice on the cut, so it is recommended to dry them before planting. The leaves are broken off, and the stalk is planted in loose ground. Water it gently, as the land dries up, because the probability of decay is high. It is also good to insulate the pot for the period of rooting. Plumeria, grown in this way, blossom as early as next year.