Fatsa: pictures and care at home
The most popular among gardeners lately has acquired fast-growing types of flowers, with large glossy leaves. It is to such colors apply evergreen fats. Photos see below.
In nature, it grows in the form of a tree on the islands of Japan and Taiwan. Prefers places near water reservoirs, hiding from the bright sun.
Acquire fatsiyu or as it is called, aralia, for the sake of its large emerald finger foliage.
The types of Patsy
In nature, Japanese fatsia grows to 4 m. Its room double barely reaches 1.5 meters. The leaves are lobed, glossy, dark green, up to 30 cm in diameter. The flowers are small, inexpressive, odorous, collected in umbrellas, greenish or white. The fruits are very attractive, they have a dark blue color.
There are also garden forms of aralia, whose leaves have a white or yellow border.
Another form is the cultivar Empire. He has large shiny dark leaves, forming a crown in the form of a ball 40 cm in diameter Some specimens grow more than 1.5 m. rarely Blooms.
Fastia of the chef
Decent decoration of any home. This plant adapts well at home, it is not fastidious. Even suffers from bad light and cold. With reduced temperature and poor lighting, it is worth reducing watering. It can reach more than 2 meters in adult form, but for this it is necessary to place it in a well-lit place, but without direct sunlight. He loves water and frequent fertilizing, it is necessary to fertilize every two weeks.
Temperature suitable for cultivation, equal 18-22° C, winter 10-15° C, and for its variegated species – 16° C. If the plant is kept at high temperatures, it must be dosvechivat.
Do not allow the earthen coma to dry out. Because of this, the leaves fall leaves, which then need to tie to the supports, giving a horizontal position. In summer, aralia is abundantly watered with warm, steady water. And by the first months of winter, humidification is reduced.
Dry and blackish leaves
From the overabundance of water in the soil, the leaves lose the turgor: they become sluggish, and then turn yellow and fall off. At the same time, even short-term drying of the soil should not be allowed. The tree responds well to spraying. It is recommended that he arrange a warm shower in the summer and wipe the leaves. When the air is dried, the leaves of the fatsia become brittle or wrinkled. And brown and brittle tips indicate inadequate watering.
Aralia grows superb in the penumbra and in diffused light. The eastern and western windows are most suitable for cultivation. If you leave the flower in a strong shadow, it will slow down significantly.
In the summer, take the pot out onto the street and put it somewhere under the trees.
To have a beautiful fatsia, as in the photo, feed it with organic and mineral fertilizers. Do this during the growth period once every ten days.
Put the plant in a mixture of sod – 2 parts of humus – 1, peat and sand -1 – 1.
This plant can reproduce: cuttings, seeds and air layers.
Growing from seed
You need to prepare the cuttings or pot with a mixture consisting of three parts: sand, leaf part, sod. Then sow in a soil mixture seeds. You must wait until the seedlings germinate and transplant them each in a separate, small, pot. Place in a well-lit room.
Propagation by cuttings
This method of reproduction is used quite often, usually in the spring. Rooting is easy enough, the main thing is to properly provide him with the conditions, keep the temperature within 22 - 26 ° C, the substrate must be moist, and cover with a film. Immediately after rooting, they are seated in the soil mixture.