Growing and caring for clematis
The variety of clematis is amazing. This plant can look so different that an unsophisticated lover may even think that this is a completely different kind. That is why these flowers are often chosen to decorate the flowerbed or garden.
Clematis can look like shrubs, half-shrubs, but most of them are lianas. Accordingly, the root system is also different. Plants with rooted roots are poorly transplanted, and with pomegranates are ideal for reproduction.
Seedling of the future flower can be grown and most of the seeds. But here it is necessary to take into account several factors, so that the venture will be successful:
- Durand clematis, purple Jackmanii have large seeds, so the appearance of the first leaves will have to wait six to eight months
- Shestilopastnye, and Chinese clematis Googlespreadsheet from seeds medium in size and a maximum of six months
- Vitalba shortcode with small seeds grow quickly (two weeks or a month) and their seedlings are very numerous.
To grow your own flower, it is better to use the seeds of the current year. Seeds soak for ten days in the water, changing it several times a day, so the seedlings will appear faster. After laying the seeds on the substrate, they need to be covered with glass or film and try to keep a stable temperature of 25-30 degrees.
Treatment of seedlings
Sprouted plants should have enough sunlight. But try to avoid direct sunlight. After the last frosts have passed, the pre-dive saplings are carried to the open ground. It is better if the site is slightly darkened and the ground is light. Sometimes it will be necessary to pluck the plants, so that they grow into more magnificent forms. In the autumn they are covered, in order to transplant the next spring into a deeper hole and periodically shorten them to form elastic roots.
To transplant the plant to a permanent location only two or three years when the seedlings flower will be fully formed.
But if you are not ready for such long manipulations, you can buy ready-made saplings for your site.
- Lighting.The best option any course, except winter. But the place will have a bit more complicated. Clematis likes the sun and heat, but it is better to choose a plot to in the heat of midday, the plants were a little in the shade.
- Humidity.Try to avoid planting near the house or fence so the plants did not get too much rain water. Ideally, place the flowers on a natural hill or create it manually.
- Fertilizer.In any case, do not pour the plants with manure or peat. Acidic organic fertilizer only ruin the clematis.
- Technology.You need to dig a large enough hole, not the bottom pour gravel or broken bricks for drainage. Shape of the earth mound and put on it fathoms. Gently spread the root and sprinkle the plant with earth. It is better to set near flower a support to the vines was where to curl and cling in a strong wind.
Clematis is a plant that is hygrophilous enough. Therefore it is better to water it once a week, and in dry summer even several times. For young plants, ten liters of liquid will suffice, and adults and large vines may require forty liters per irrigation.
Be sure to periodically loosen the soil, better the next day after watering. So you will not only effectively fight the weeds, but also help moisture evenly distributed in the ground.
Suitable for reproduction of adult plants, but not older than six years.carefully dig it from the earth and divide the roots into separate plants.
Diseases and pests
The most common disease of clematis is the fungus, which lives in the ground. First, the root system is damaged, then the stems and leaves begin to rot and fade.
To fight the disease, remove the affected area and treat the flower and ground around it with a solution of foundation. But if the plant is severely damaged, it will have to be removed completely together with the ground, and the site of planting should be disinfected with the same solution.