Greenhouse made of polycarbonate with their hands: drawings, photos, videos
Many owners of summer cottages want to use their hundreds of land "lands" as efficiently as possible. And how to achieve high yields of vegetables without GMOs and other "chemistry"? It is necessary to create the most favorable conditions for tomatoes and cucumbers for growth and fruiting. So, an excellent solution will be a greenhouse made of polycarbonate - with its own hands it can be built even by a beginner in the construction business. The main thing is a little patience and exact observance of technology, and the result will surpass all your expectations.
What is the advantage of polycarbonate? This vitreous material is made in honeycomb form and belongs to the class of synthetic polymers. It has a number of advantages: high resistance to unfavorable conditions, temperature fluctuations, chemical compounds, mechanical loads, attractiveness in the aesthetic sense.
The location of the greenhouse from polycarbonate
The greenhouse is a structure that is a wooden frame covered with glass, film or polycarbonate. As a material for the frame, plastic and metal can also be used. All greenhouses are divided into seasonal and capital. In the second variant, it is meant to make a foundation of metal or wooden bars, and polycarbonate covers.
Before you start building a greenhouse, you need to decide on the location. Experts advise placing the structure in length in the direction of "north-south". This will allow the plants inside to receive a sufficient amount of sunlight, and the adverse effects of cold northern winds are minimized.
Important criteria for choosing a location:
- Close location of houses and outbuildings with a supply of fuel for heating.
- If you have a small plot design is better to place them near the house or a summer kitchen – it will provide good protection from the wind.
- The deepening of the structure of 0.7 m will help to save on fuel, reduce temperature swings and reduce the opacity to low plants.
- The greenhouse is assembled in a well-lighted area, which is not affected by the shadow of the trees.
- Device for electrical power and water a better place next to the greenhouse.
Drawings of greenhouses made of polycarbonate project, diagrams, photos
The erection of any structure begins with the drawing up of a drawing, which will allow the correct calculation of the possible loadings of the frame.
What should be the size of the greenhouse? This indicator is determined at the request of the owner of the site, as well as based on its capabilities. Typically, the size of the structure is affected by the type of plants for which the erection of buildings is planned. The width can be about 2.5 m - in this case the distance between the beds is about a meter. The most common size is 210 x 60 cm.
As for the form, it is often prefered arched or with straight walls. For example, in the second variant, three sheets of polycarbonate will be needed.
What is the advantage of arched greenhouses? It:
- on the top of the structure does not form a snow "cap" - thanks to the gentle sides
- a minimum number of parts frame
- quick and easy Assembly – only need to fix a bent sheet
Important! Despite the obvious "pluses", arched greenhouses give less light and heat to plants inside. In this regard, straight-wall structures are more functional.
Many useful tips for installing greenhouses from cellular polycarbonate are presented in this video.
Greenhouse polycarbonate – sizes and prices
When determining the dimensions, it is necessary to take into account the parameters of typical types of sheets - 2100 x 6000 mm. This will accurately calculate the required amount of material and avoid cropping.
For example, we need four sheets - 2100 x 1500 mm. As a result, the parameters of the straight wall will be 4200 x 1500 mm. But there is a choice of materials, the size of which will be two times less. The width of the greenhouse is determined by the amount of slope of the roof slope. If you cut one sheet and apply it to overlap, then it is possible to accurately calculate everything.
The height of our design is 1500 mm, and when the walls are raised by 200 mm this figure will be 1700 mm (without taking into account the height of the ridge). When organizing the internal planning, it is necessary to take into account the scheme of placing the plants indoors, and only after that to start drawing up the drawing of the greenhouse.
Note! Polycarbonate is able to bend only one way, so that the situation can not be corrected and "bend" the material no longer.
Project polycarbonate greenhouses – how to develop?
Any structure begins with the development of the project in the drawings. This will allow you to plan the financial and time costs for the erection, as well as clearly indicate the order of work. Today, it is not necessary to be a professional engineer for drafting a project - it is enough to use ready-made drawings presented on thematic sites.
Construction of a greenhouse made of polycarbonate by one's own hands, drawings - on video:
You still decided in favor of a ready-made greenhouse? The price of such a structure will be 10 - 11 thousand rubles - the most "budget" option. For this money you can buy a two-meter semi-arched construction with straight side walls. But the "arch" will cost a little more expensive - about 14 - 15 thousand rubles. What is the difference between these options? Basically, no.
The advantage of the swept design is that its surface can accumulate snow. The cost will be from 15 – 16 thousand roubles.
When buying more "oversized" greenhouses from polycarbonate (pictured), the costs will be even higher. So, the cost of one big "house" for 6 or 8 meters - from 30 to 50 thousand rubles. However, for the same amount it is more practical to purchase several "small" designs, because, in this way, you will save considerably on warming up.
So, we continue our construction. Now proceed to the selection of the material for the frame. There are two options: a wooden beam or a metal profile. It is known that wood is exposed to moisture, so the most optimal solution will be the use of a profile of metal.
Greenhouse made of polycarbonate with their hands out profile video
For the assembly of the frame of the greenhouse, a profile with a section of 40 x 50 mm of the following types will perfectly fit:
- guide PN (wide) for horizontal parts
- PS rack (narrower) – for the construction of uprights
When connecting these parts, the design is as strong and stable as possible.
Advice from professionals: in the manufacture of a profile frame for a greenhouse, it is better to arrange elements in the form of a triangle. The more such "triangles", the stronger the design will be.
The list of tools for assembling the frame of the greenhouse:
- metal shears
Assembling a greenhouse made of polycarbonate - a step-by-step guide:
How to attach parts together? You can do this with riveting or screws. The advantage of the second method is that, if necessary, the construction is easily dismantled and transferred to another location (or simply added as unnecessary).
How to assemble a frame for a greenhouse made of polycarbonate? The video can be studied in detail this stage of the work.
The foundation is the guarantee of the durability of the structure. First, we make a markup on the area of the alleged foundation placement. Then we go into the soil (20 - 25 cm) and remove the upper part. We make a mound of small gravel, rammed and leveled. We fill the trench with a concrete solution, based on purified gravel and sand with cement (in the ratio 5. 3. 1). The thickness of the resulting "pillow" of gravel should not exceed 5 cm.
For this purpose, we use a roofing felt, which we spread on the made "pillow" - in one layer. Why do I need waterproofing? The fact that concrete is absorbed by moisture from the soil, which in winter can lead to its destruction.
Two weeks after the construction of the "pillow" you can start building the foundation. In this case, all fixing elements should be mounted in the masonry. The smoothness of the masonry is controlled by means of a building level.
Tape foundation - the most common option, the manufacture of which does not require significant costs. Here, after a layer of gravel, we make formwork from old boards. Then the formwork is poured with concrete, prepared in the above proportions.
Greenhouse made of polycarbonate with their hands – build (with video)
At this stage, the work is carried out in the following sequence:
- Mounted one the frame structure of the profile, cut to the desired length.
- Putting the first frame and fastened with screws.
- Measure out and cut the material out individual parts.
- Of the frame assembling.
How to fix polycarbonate sheets on the frame? It is important here to properly connect the individual parts and ensure the sealing of the structure. The photo shows one of the most common ways of fastening.
The best greenhouse for seedlings with his own hands. How to make, read here
How to make a greenhouse made of polycarbonate with their hands: video
Greenhouse polycarbonate – heating
For the cultivation of vegetable crops in winter, the room is recommended to be equipped with a heating system. The most common options are:
- Stove heating. The fuel use coal, peat or the Solarium. This type of heating not only the easiest but also inefficient and time consuming warmth throughout the room is uneven.
- Electric heating. Such devices include heating elements or convectors, which are placed around the perimeter of the greenhouse made of polycarbonate.
- Cable heating. The main advantages are: low cost of installation, simplicity and durability, uniformity in the distribution of heat, safety. In addition, such heating can be adjusted automatically, which is extremely important for a growing crop.
The best greenhouse of window frames. How to make, read here
A greenhouse made of polycarbonate with their own hands is a great opportunity to use fresh, individually grown vegetables and herbs in your menu. A little patience, perseverance and financial costs will bring the result, which will be an excellent "investment" in your future well-being.