Prophylaxis of caries
Tooth decay is one of the most common diseases of the teeth. Unfortunately, to the dentist we turn to when the teeth are already formed carious cavity ("hole"), i.e., in the advanced stage of the disease. Is it possible to prevent tooth decay.
Caries is formed due to prolonged exposure to tooth enamel of organic acids formed by bacteria present in the oral cavity of any person. These organic acids cause local demineralization and subsequent destruction of hard tooth tissues.
If caries are not treated, carious cavities are formed and the tooth can collapse. The started stage of caries is accompanied by acute pain, inflammatory processes and requires immediate treatment.
However, as is known, it is much easier to prevent the disease than to treat it. Therefore, caries prevention should always be given due attention.
To keep your teeth healthy, you must observe the following rules.
Brush your teeth twice a day. Bacteria that cause the development of caries, are contained in the plaque, which is formed on the teeth after eating. This coating can be soft and hard. Soft plaque can be removed if you rinse your mouth after each meal. Also, the removal of soft plaque contributes to the use of fresh apples, carrots. Traces of food stuck in the interdental spaces should be removed with toothpicks.
Hard plaque can only be removed with brushing and toothpaste. The bristles of the brush should be firm enough to remove plaque. Brush teeth after Breakfast in the morning and once at night before bed. The cleaning duration – not less than 3-4 minutes.
With the help of dental floss can also fight with hard plaque. About how to properly use dental floss, it is better to consult a dentist.
Healthy food. The formation of caries facilitates the consumption of sweet, fatty, floury foods. Sugar is intensively processed by bacteria into acid, which leads to accelerated destruction of enamel. Ideally, after taking sweet food, you should brush your teeth to remove the sugar residues from the surface of the teeth.
It is not recommended to eat food of contrast temperature, for example, to wash down with a hot tea a cold dessert. This leads to the formation of microcracks on the tooth enamel and provokes the formation of caries.
A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, strengthens the tooth enamel and it becomes more resistant to caries. But the deficiency of fluoride and calcium, and proteins, on the contrary, leads to the depletion of tooth enamel. Therefore, if necessary, take special vitamin-mineral complexes, which compensates for the deficiency of fluoride and calcium.
To visit the dentist. Visits to the dentist are afraid not only children, but also adults. The terrible sounds of the drill, acute pain and other very unpleasant sensations - and even for a preventive examination, which should normally be done at least once or twice a year, we will not drag out the arkan.
However, all the "horror stories" of the dental office were in the past. Modern technologies make it possible to perform inspection and dental treatment painlessly. In the early stages, tooth decay looks like subtle white spots on tooth enamel - it's very difficult to detect them yourself.