Aquarium fish guppy
Guppies are among the most popular species of aquarium fish. To win this popularity has helped them in their simplicity and unusual appearance. That represent aquarium fish guppy and how to properly contain, says the Country Councils.
Aquarium fish guppy came to us from South America. where he lived in a wild form in fresh and brackish water. Due to their unpretentiousness, guppies were acclimatized on all continents. They are resettled along warm water reservoirs to fight malarial mosquitoes (more precisely, their larvae). In addition, the guppies have become popular aquarium fish.
Aquarium fish guppies are quite unusual. They belong to viviparous fish - females do not spawn, but give birth to fry. Male and female guppies are very easy to distinguish in appearance - males are slimmer, smaller in size, but fins are proportionately larger than females. In addition, the females are enlarged abdomen, and males have a specialized copulatory organ - gonopodia.
Aquarium fish guppy can boast variety of colorings and shapes of the fins - that's why they are so loved by aquarists. There are several dozens of different guppy breeds. The colors and shapes of the fins of the guppies are standardized. So, for example, in Western Europe and Russia, such standards of fin forms have been adopted: narrow-angled, triangle, skirt, flag, fork, upper sword, lower sword, lyre-tailed, shovel-tailed, spear-tailed, round-tailed, needle-tailed.
Contain guppies in the aquarium quite simply. These unpretentious fish inhabit all layers of the aquarium. In captivity, they live longer and grow to larger sizes than in the wild. In principle, there are no special conditions for guppies, but only under favorable conditions aquarium guppies reach their peak.
For guppies need an aquarium with a volume of 25-50 liters. Optimal acidity water — pH 7, rigidity — dH 10-25°C. Guppy is able to adapt well to hard water, and tolerate salinity. Optimal temperature water — 24°C. In principle, guppies can survive in the range from 18°C to 30°C. At low temperatures, they live longer (about 3 years), grow larger, but easy to get sick. At high temperatures guppies live on less (under one year) and grow smaller.
It is necessary to provide the Board with a height of 5-7 cm, so fish can not jump out of the tank. Additionally, if you close the aquarium lid, don't forget about forced aeration. Fish important good lighting. otherwise they will grow poorly, and the color will be pale. It is best to arrange the aquarium in such a way that in the morning and in the evening it is directly exposed to direct sunlight.
In the aquarium you can put the ground (pebbles, coarse sand) and planted it undemanding plants (Ceratophyllum, najas). Guppies will not delve in the soil and consume plants. But note that the aquarium decoration should not interfere with the fish to swim. Weekly, you need to drain one third of the water from the aquarium, together with the waste of life of the guppies and top up fresh.
What to feed guppies? Aquarium fish are omnivorous guppies. They need both plant and animal food. Of animal food guppies are suitable protozoa, rotifers, crustaceans (Daphnia, Cyclops), mosquito larvae. From plant — lower plants (spirulina, Chlorella) and some algae. Also you can feed guppies dry food — they well stand it.
How much poop can give guppies a day? Males are fed less than females. If for one adult female there are 3-5 pieces of small bloodworm (about 8 mm long) depending on its age and size, then for one male there is only one piece. Adult fish need fasting days - once or twice a week they do not need to be fed all day. In principle, under normal conditions of maintenance guppies can starve for a whole month without much damage to health - but it's better not to experiment.
If you decide to do aquariums, aquarium fish, guppy — one of the best options for beginners. It is not difficult to keep them, and the bright coloring and unusual look invariably pleases the eye.