Barbus Sumatran in your aquarium
Barbs is a very popular aquarium fish. They are very active and fairly peaceful, keep them is not particularly difficult, so barbs are often recommended to beginner aquarists. One of the most common types of barbs — Barbus Sumatran.
In the wild Sumatran Barbus lives in South-East Asia - in the slowly flowing rivers and lakes of the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan, in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. In Europe, it was delivered in 1935, to Russia - twelve years later, and since that time the Sumatran barbs has become one of the most popular inhabitants of aquariums.
Barbus Sumatran — not a very large fish, usually reaching seven 5-7 inches in length. The barb tight body oval,laterally compressed. Scales of barb has a light brown color with four vertical black stripes. Thanks to this colour this fish is sometimes called brindle or the four-lane barb. The male barbs are brighter than the females. Sometimes there are other colors of barbs, but fish with "non-standard" colors (mutant barbs) were artificially removed.
Sumatran barb is a schooling fish. Therefore, it is better to buy several barbs. If your aquarium lives only a couple barbs, they can "bully" other inhabitants. But if barbs five or more, they going in flocks with a specific hierarchy and other fish are virtually untouched. Barbuses prefer to keep in the middle and lower layers of water.
Despite the fact that the barbs are getting along fairly well with other species of fish of the same size, theirshould not be kept with fish that have long fins or Voile (Sumatran barbs can bite them), as well as with inactive little fish, unable to stand up for themselves.
Optimal conditions for keeping sumatrensis barb is the tank volume of 60 l (3-5 liters on one barb), the length of the tank — not less than 80 cm Optimum water temperature is 22-24°C, pH 6,5-7,0, hardness up to 17°. You need to provide filtration and aeration, but do not get carried away: the barbs do not like strong current. Also every week you should replace up to 25% of the volume of water. Lighting Sumatran barb prefers the artificial.
The quality of the soil for aquarium use dark pebbles — on a light ground coloration of the barbs becomes more pale. Need a densely planted aquarium live plants (preferably small), and as decorations you can use driftwood and stones. But don't overdo it: these active fish need lots of space to swim. If you create comfortable conditions for your barbs, they will live 3-4 years.
Barbus Sumatran is happy to eat and live and dry food. But note that in his diet you need to include herbal supplements. If the barbeque lacks a vegetable feed, it may begin to suffer from obesity or other diseases. In addition, with a lack of vegetable feed barbs begin to look for it themselves and are taken to pluck young plants.
Ideally, the diet sumatrensis barb needs 25-30% consist of plant food (nettle, dandelion, lettuce leaves, Wolfie, Ricci, brown bread, oatmeal), 10-15% of the dry feed, and the remainder will be combined and live feeds. From live feeds can be given to barb bloodworms, koretra, Daphnia, Tubifex. Young fish are fed every three to four hours, adults — often in small portions. Once a week you need to arrange adult fish fasting day.
Barbus Sumatran is prone to overeating and obesity, so it is impossible to overfeed - it is better to give too little food than too much. The amount of food should be such that the fish completely eat it for a couple of minutes. If the extra food remains, it is better to remove it immediately from the aquarium.
Barbus Sumatran is a very funny, cute and undemanding aquarium fish. A great choice for beginners aquarists.