Barbs is a very popular aquarium fish. They are very active and fairly peaceful, keep them is not particularly difficult, so barbs are often recommended to beginner aquarists. One of the most common types of barbs — Barbus Sumatran.
In the wild Sumatran Barbus lives in South-East Asia in slow flowing rivers and lakes of the Islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. In Europe, it was brought to 1935, Russia — twelve years later, and from that time, the Sumatran barb became one of the most popular inhabitants of aquariums.
Barbus Sumatran — not a very large fish, usually reaching seven 5-7 inches in length. The barb tight body oval,laterally compressed. Scales of barb has a light brown color with four vertical black stripes. Thanks to this colour this fish is sometimes called tiger or the four-lane barb. Barb males are brighter than females. Sometimes there are other stains barbs, but fish with "non-standard" colors (barbs mutants) were bred artificially.
Sumatran barb is a schooling fish. Therefore, it is better to buy several barbs. If your aquarium lives only a couple barbs, they can "bully" other inhabitants. But if barbs five or more, they going in flocks with a specific hierarchy and other fish practically do not touch. Barbs prefer to stay in the middle and lower layers of water.
Despite the fact that barbs get along fairly well with other fishes of the same size, their should not be kept with fish that have long fins or Voile (Barbus Sumatran can bite), as well as sedentary fish, not able to stand up for themselves.
Optimal conditions for keeping sumatrensis barb is the tank volume of 60 l (3-5 liters on one barb), the length of the tank — not less than 80 cm Optimum water temperature is 22-24°C, pH 6,5-7,0, hardness up to 17°. You need to provide filtration and aeration, but do not get carried away: the barbs do not like strong current. Also every week you should replace up to 25% of the volume of water. Lighting Sumatran barb prefers the artificial.
The quality of the soil for aquarium use dark pebbles — on a light ground coloration of the barbs becomes more pale. Need a densely planted aquarium live plants (preferably small), and as decorations you can use driftwood and stones. But don't overdo it: these active fish need lots of space to swim. If you create barbs for their comfort, they live 3-4 years.
Barbus Sumatran is happy to eat and live and dry food. But note that in his diet you need to include herbal supplements. If the barb is not enough vegetable food, it may start to suffer from obesity or other diseases. Besides, with a lack of plant feed barbs start to look for it yourself and start to pluck the young plants.
Ideally, the diet sumatrensis barb needs 25-30% consist of plant food (nettle, dandelion, lettuce leaves, Wolfie, Ricci, brown bread, oatmeal), 10-15% of the dry feed, and the remainder will be combined and live feeds. From live feeds can be given to barb bloodworms, koretra, Daphnia, Tubifex. Young fish are fed every three to four hours, adults — often in small portions. Once a week you need to arrange adult fish fasting day.
Barbus Sumatran is prone to overeating and obesity, so it is impossible to overfeed — it is better to give too little food than too much. The amount of feed must be such that the fish totally ate it for a couple of minutes. If you still have extra food, it is better to remove it from the aquarium.
Barbus Sumatran is a very funny, cute and undemanding aquarium fish. a great choice for beginner aquarists.