The beneficial properties of fennel
The beneficial properties of fennel (also known as sweet fennel or dill pharmacy) was known in the ancient world: the "father of medicine" Hippocrates used fennel as a remedy. What is the benefit to our health can bring fennel?
Fennel belongs to the family Umbrella, its "relatives" such well-known plants as dill, celery, caraway, coriander. carrots, parsnips and parsley. The beneficial properties of fennel is largely due to the high content of essential oils (its fruits contain up to 6.5 percent).
The essential oil of fennel contains α-pinene, α-phellandrene, anethole, bornylacetate, camphor, lemon, methylchavicol, terpinolene, Fanchon, cineol, citral and other substances. They give fenhelevoe oil sweet-spicy taste and a characteristic, recognizable fragrance. Also, the fruit contains up to 18% of fatty acids (petrolina, oleic, palmitinovaja, linoleic).
And the herb fennel contains ascorbic acid, vitamins of group b, carotene, mineral substances, glycosides, flavonoids. The fruits and herbs of fennel are used in food in many regions, from the Mediterranean to the Caucasus.
As medicines usually use ripe fruit fennel. because they have more than just essential oils. Can also be used fennel seeds and fenhelevoe oil, which is sold in pharmacies. Dill water. which is often given to children for colic, is nothing like the solution of the essential oil of fennel in warm water (1 ml oil to 1 liter of water). Also from the fruits of fennel ready to do drugs.
The beneficial properties of fennel allow to include it in the composition of many drugs charges. diuretic, choleretic, laxative, pectoral, sedative. Fennel has antispasmodic and antiseptic. It helps with cough, insomnia, pain in the stomach.
Quite often, the beneficial properties of fennel are used for the normalization of the digestive system. Fennel and fennel herbs help with spastic colitis, flatulence, digestive problems, and appetite disorders. dysbiosis, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, enterocolitis.
Also the fruits of fennel are part of the drugs for the control of urolithiasis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, stenocardia, gout, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
Thanks to disinfectant properties of fennel decoction of its seeds is used externally. treating the skin with pustular lesions. With stomatitis this decoction to rinse your mouth, pharyngitis and throat. A decoction of fennel seeds washed my eyes with conjunctivitis while nursing mothers drink it to improve lactation (but keep in mind that breast-feeding should not take fennel without first consulting with your doctor).
To improve digestion and get rid of the spasms in the digestive tract, can to prepare an infusion of fennel. 1 tsp dry fennel fruit (chopped) need to pour a glass of hot boiled water and infuse for 10 minutes. Strain the infusion and three times a day, take half a Cup after meals. And for respiratory diseases 3 tsp chopped dried fruit pour a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, filter and take 4-5 times a day for 3 tbsp.
Despite all the beneficial properties of fennel this plant has a number of contraindications. Because of the antispasmodic action it is not recommended for pregnant women and epileptics. Also found idiosyncrasy of fennel, which, of course, it should not be used. You should not use fennel if you have diarrhea and a tendency to allergies.
But do not forget that self-medication can harm your health. Even time-tested folk remedies are not harmless. So before to be treated with fennel, be sure to consult a doctor, the only way you can be absolutely sure that dill pharmacy will bring you only benefits and no harm.