First aid for stroke
Summer is a particularly dangerous time for the "cores": the heat increases the risk of acute cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks and strokes. Even if in your surroundings there are no people who have heart problems, it is important to know how it turns out first aid for stroke . perhaps someday this knowledge will save the lives of bystanders.
Stroke called an acute ischemic stroke. in particular, brain hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral infarction (ischemic stroke). 70-85% of all cases of stroke are ischemic strokes. about four times less likely to happen hemorrhagic strokes (hemorrhage). If first aid for stroke has not been provided on time and properly, a fatal outcome is possible.
Symptoms of a stroke
For first aid, it is important to know what symptoms the stroke shows. Symptoms of stroke are divided into cerebral and focal.Typical cerebral symptoms stroke - a feeling of deafness, a disturbance of consciousness, drowsiness (or vice versa, arousal), a brief loss of consciousness.
Sometimes there is dizziness, severe headache, nausea or vomiting, loss of orientation in space and time. May be present vegetative symptoms. sweating, a feeling of heat, rapid heartbeat, dry mouth.
Focal symptoms of stroke will depend on the blood supply of which part of the brain has been disturbed. Such symptoms include weakness in one of the extremities, including paralysis, decreased sensitivity of the limbs, numbness of the lips or part of the face, problems with coordination of movements and balance, visual impairment, aphasia (speech disorders).
First aid for stroke
The most effective is medical care provided in the first minutes and hours of the disease, it was she who largely determines how successful the treatment outcome. The first 3 (max 6) hours of cerebrovascular disease are referred to as therapeutic window. during which it is still possible to prevent irreversible changes in the brain.
The first thing you need to call an ambulance. and when calling necessarily as accurately as possible and in more detail tell about the symptoms, then they will have to send a special neurological team.
While physicians on the road, to provide patient aid, it will help completely or at least partially prevent further brain damage. The first thing you need to place the patient so that the head and shoulders were in good condition (the angle should be about 30 degrees). If the patient becomes ill at home, put your head and shoulders on the pillow (you can have several), if the attack occurred on the street, you can use a folded jacket, etc. Do not move the patient (for example, shift to bed), it's dangerous, put it is where the attack occurred.
Provide the patient with sufficient flow of fresh air. for this you need to unbutton the collar and belt, unfasten or remove the tight clothing, remove a removable denture from the mouth, if any. If you are indoors, open a window or window. Out of the room should leave all the superfluous people, let there be only one who can really help. If the attack occurred on the street, ask people to part ways.
With vomiting you need to very gently rotate the patient's head to the side and clean weeding of the mouth from vomit. so that the victim does not suffocate. Also, the head is gently tilted to the side, if too much saliva flows.
Do not give a patient medicine to expand blood vessels, especially alcohol. After their admission, vessels in other parts of the brain expand, and the damaged ones eventually stop receiving blood normally, and the consequences of a stroke can worsen. You can give a tablet of glycine if the patient is conscious.
Correctly provided first aid for a stroke can save someone's life, so the signs of a stroke and the rules of rendering first aid Everyone should know.