Leonberger is a large breed of dog that managed to survive not only the UPS and downs, but also the almost complete disappearance. Dog Leonberger is a loyal friend who will always be watching You and faithfully serve You. What do You know about the Leonberger?

There are two versions of the origin of the Leonberger. According to first version, first the Leonberger was developed in Leonberg   (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) in the late 30-ies of the XIX century. In this city lived the cynologist Heinrich Essig, who set himself the goal to bring out the dog-symbol of the city. According to the idea of ​​Essig, the dog should look like a lion, which is depicted on the coat of arms of the city (Leonberg - German Lion Mountain).

According to archival records, the ancestors of the breed were the dog of St. Bernard and a female black-and-white lender (Newfoundland). Further, Essig crossed four generations of offspring with the St. Petersburg-born St. Bernard and the Pyrenean sheepdog. As a result, a large breed of silver-gray dogs with a black head and ears was removed.

Henry Essig paid much attention to the color of the breed. In the fashion there were dogs of light and white colors. Therefore, later appeared a leonberger with a red color of wool of different shades.

This dog was very popular among the population. But as essig did not record the breed standards for the Leonberger began to issue various other large dogs. This is what caused the rejection of this breed of dogs.

According to the second version of the origin of the Leonberger breed, these dogs were known in Austria from 1585. Leonbergers are often used as guard and herding dogs. Also, the breed of Leonberger dogs were considered very valuable at the court of Queen Marie-Antoinette. These dogs lived in the monastery of Saint Bernard dog which was subsequently used for breeding leonbergers.

The monastery of St. Bernard at that time was the only nursery in which bred leonbergerov. But in1820 nearly all the livestock of leonbergers in the nursery died of the epidemic distemper. Only one male dog survived, who Henry Esgig used to restore the breed. To restore the breed, two more boughs of the Leonberger were brought. The second version of the origin of the Leonbergers is much more plausible, because the subsequent genetic analysis showed that the breeding of the breed did not use the St. Bernards.

Don't forget that about the Leonberger breed, we could not even know at the moment, as it twice almost extinct. After the First World War, almost the entire breed was destroyed. Only 5 dogs survived. With the efforts of two people who created a new nursery, the number of dogs reached 350 in 5 years. During the Second World War, the only nursery in which the Leonberger was bred was destroyed. As a result, only three good dogs remained. But the Leonberger breed was resurrected again.

The modern Leonberger is a large breed of dog, having their own standards. For this breed, the characteristic of appearance is very important, in particular the ratio of the height of the dog at the withers to the length of the trunk (9:10). It is also necessary that the height of the chest is 50% of the height of the withers.

The Leonberger is a rare breed in our country. But stunningly beautiful face and thick coat of these dogs attracts many lovers of the breed. The group differ in their intelligence and docile nature. They very quickly learn the command. In addition, they can talk in normal language. They understand what you want from them, even without the use of special commands.

The group is very affectionate, obedient, kind. They will protect the whole family. Separately it is necessary to note their attitude to children. An adult dog patiently treats children, lets himself harness in a sleigh in the winter. She will zealously protect children in any situation. But this can not be said about young dogs. Leonberger puppies are not so lenient towards children. Therefore, do not leave the Leonberger puppy with the child unattended.

Besides his insane love for people dog breed Leonberger I love the water. They are very fond of swimming and swimming. Therefore, after seeing a small pond, keep your dog on a leash. If you want, you can let the dog go for a swim, because the Leonberger is an excellent swimmer. Dogs of this breed are distinguished by good physical shape and strength. In order for a young dog not to have unnecessary health problems, a puppy under 1 year old should not be led up the stairs. Excess load on the joints of the paws to him to anything.