What is lupus? Symptoms and causes of illness
Doctors usually explain what is lupus, using a special terminology and a simple person to understand the full risk of the disease is quite difficult. But if you talk about it in a more accessible language, then it will look like this. The immune system of a sick person begins to perceive cells of his own organism as alien and struggles with them. In this case, special substances are developed in the human body, which gradually damage all tissues and organs without exception. From systemic lupus erythematosus, mostly young girls and women suffer.
The first signs of the disease can manifest as early as 15 years, and they will have to struggle with them all their life. This disease is not curable, but with the constant intake of special hormones, the periods of remission can be increased.
Causes of the disease
Scientists have not yet been able to determine exactly what is the main cause of the disease. The main thing that it was possible to establish is that the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is inherited. However, this does not mean at all that if a mother suffers from this disease, her daughter will also fall ill. You just need to be more attentive to your health, and pay attention to the first signs and symptoms to make the treatment more successful.
Most likely, the cause of the disease lies in the transfer of a serious infectious disease, which, coupled with immunity defects and causes lupus. In addition, cases of the onset of SLE after severe labor, abortion, severe emotional shocks and excessive sun exposure were reported. High likelihood of getting sick also in those who are allergic to medicines or food.
In order to determine the beginning of the emergence of lupus and to take appropriate action, you need to know its main features.
- Rash or redness on nose and cheeks. Yet it is called "butterfly" due to its specific location, as shown in the photo above.
- Red spots in the upper chest, which become only brighter with prolonged exposure to the sun or the cold, but also because of the surge of emotion.
- Lesions of the oral mucosa and lips. There may be inflammation on the type of stomatitis.
- The increase in body temperature, and it cannot be lowered even by taking a course of antibiotics.
- Signs of arthritis, with the defeat of even the small joints of the hands and feet.
- May increase cervical and axillary lymph nodes.
- Patients quickly and unreasonably lose weight.
Later the disease occurs with periods of intensification of symptoms. Each new relapse entails the defeat of more and more new tissues and organs.
To start the correct treatment and as long as possible to maintain the body in good condition, it is necessary to consult a doctor. The diagnosis of "Systemic lupus erythematosus" can put a rheumatologist after studying the symptoms and some tests. A doctor must not only accurately determine the presence in a patient of this serious disease, but also to determine how much damage SKV managed to strike the body.
For this purpose, a common blood and urine test is usually prescribed, a blood test for lupus erythematosus, an ultrasound of the heart and a lung X-ray. In the future, patients have to be examined regularly by a doctor, and constantly take complex treatment.
In the treatment most often used anti-inflammatory hormonal drugs. With particularly active resistance of the immune system, immunosuppressants are also used. But in this case, the negative reaction of the organism is not excluded, therefore this course of treatment is carried out only under the constant supervision of the doctor.