Poisoning in cats
Poisoning in cats one of the most dangerous health problems that can lead to death. Unfortunately, in many cases, the poisoning is to blame the owners, who are not doglyadeli for a pet. How to recognize the signs of poisoning and to provide pet first aid?
Many believe that poisoning in dogs happens more often than poisoning the cats, because dogs regularly walk on the street and pick up "rubbish" from the ground, and cats are sitting at home. But in fact, even home kitty is immune from the poisoning. In what ways can poison the cat ?
Cats are very clean creatures, so they can be poisoned, vylizyval if toxic substance gets on the wool. That's why, by the way, drops from fleas and mites drip onto the withers, where the cat can not reach physically. Also the cat can poisonpoisonous fumes from, say, insecticides or a solvent.
But most often poisoning in cats occurs, when they swallow hazardous substance. These can be medicines, carelessly left unattended, household chemicals, means for fighting rodents, spoiled food. Cats love to gnaw houseplants, some of which are poisonous to them (for example, diffenbachia). Some cats are attracted by the sweetish smell of antifreeze (ethylene glycol) - it can also cause poisoning.
How does poisoning in cats? The signs can be very diverse depending on what poisoned the cat. Typical symptoms of poisoning - vomiting, diarrhea, profuse salivation, rapid breathing, convulsions. A cat can be overexcited or depressed. Usually, these signs manifest themselves unexpectedly and grow quite rapidly.
If you have any suspicion that your cat was poisoned, you need to immediately give first aid. First and foremost you need to protect the cat from further exposure to toxic substances. If the poison got on the coat, the cat must be thoroughly cleaned with soap and cool water (use shampoos and other cleaning agents can not). If the cat is inhaled poisonous substances, you need to bring it to fresh air or at least in a ventilated room.
But if the cat has swallowed poison, you need to arouse her vomiting. To induce vomiting, the cat is applied to the back of the tongue a quarter teaspoon of salt, or give a teaspoon of 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide with an interval of about 10 minutes, until vomiting. You can also give the cat crushed tablet of activated charcoal (1-2 tsp suspension of powder in water). However, if poisoning after a few hours, it will not improve the condition of the pet. Also vomiting should not be called. if the cat is unconscious, there are signs of CNS depression if the animal is poisoned with alkali or acid or if you do not know exactly what was the source of the poisoning.
Acid can be neutralized with a solution of burnt magnesia (magnesium oxide) - 1 tsp. for 2-3 kg of animal weight, andlye - a solution of vinegar or lemon juice (3 tablespoons juice or vinegar for 4 tablespoons cold water). Also, when poisoning with alkali or acid, you can give the cat an egg white. Milk in case of poisoning is not recommended, it can provoke suffocation.
Poisoning in cats is very dangerous for their life, so it is impossible to self-medicate. The sooner you call the vet, the greater the likelihood that your animal will survive and recover. While the vet is going, you need to try to determine what the cat poisoned. This will help to prescribe the right treatment.
Usually poisoning in cats treated gastric lavage a weak solution of potassium permanganate or baking soda. Doing it with a special probe, and self-experiment with lavage is not recommended. Depending on the poison may also appoint salt laxatives, adsorbents (activated charcoal), sleeping pills, sedatives, and cardiac agents, to enter the drugs with caffeine (subcutaneously) or glucose solution (intravenous).
If your doctor has prescribed cat medication, they need to give strict compliance with the instructions. Some time you need to withstand the animal on a starvation diet. until the poison is completely eliminated from the body. But the intake of water can not be limited, the cat should drink a lot.
Poisoning in cats can result in death, so at the first symptoms of poisoning need to urgently provide animal first aid and call the vet. even if it seems to you that the cat has become easier. In general, it is worth carefully concealing drugs and household chemicals, keeping plants out of reach of the cat, poisoning in cats is easier to prevent than cure.