The measurement of pressure will allow you to quickly find out the cause of the ailment and eliminate it, without waiting for the situation to worsen. Each of us is individual and has its own physiological characteristics, but despite this, there are certain criteria that allow to determine what pressure a person is considered normal.

What it is?

Often people do not distinguish between such concepts as blood and blood pressure, but there is a significant difference between them. Blood is a more general concept, implying that the blood has an effect on certain organs. Arterial also suggests that the effect is carried out in the arteries. Similarly, it is possible to detect capillary (in capillaries) and venous (in veins).

Why does everyone want to know blood pressure? Because it is easier to measure than other types, and it indicates some deviation in health.

Systolic pressure

Blood type, in turn, consists of two factors: systolic and diastolic indices. The systolic (top) pressure, developing in the process of contraction of the cardiac muscle, but this is not heart pressure, because the injection involved a large artery (aorta). When the reduction occurred, and the aorta is closed, the blood that passed through the heart, begins to flow freely through the vessels. The force with which this happens free flow in the interval of heartbeats is called the diastolic (lower) pressure.

The changes in the upper indices are especially dangerous for life, since they indicate a disturbed rhythm of the work of the heart and large arteries. As already mentioned above, each person has his own individual physiological characteristics, but there is a conventional rate of systolic pressure equal to 120 mm Hg. The norm of diastolic is 80 mm. During the day, the value may vary, which is a natural process. So, in healthy people it is lowest at night during sleep, and reaches its highest values ​​during the period of activity - from noon to 3 pm.

High blood pressure and hypotensive

It is difficult to say what kind of pressure a person should have, so to determine its norm, it is necessary to measure it from time to time. So, if it is constantly elevated (relative to the conventional norm of 120/80 mm), you are hypertensive. And, on the contrary, if you regularly suffer from low mercury levels, this is called hypotension.

Hypertension and hypotension should be able to adjust the indicators to feel cheerful and healthy. This can be done both with the help of special medicines, and folk remedies. Also, it is possible to add to the diet appropriate foods and beverages that increase or decrease the pressure. It is known that alcohol increases blood pressure, so it is not recommended to use it in hypertensive patients, especially during the crisis period.

Knowing what pressure is the norm, and how you can control your own indicators, you can always monitor your health. In case of sudden pressure drops, it is recommended to consult a doctor, as this may indicate hidden cardiovascular diseases.