Swollen knee: causes of pain in the joint and ways to reduce swelling
The most common reason that the knee swells, thereby causing severe pain, is a bruise. In a joint with a tumor, it is possible to accumulate blood clots, as well as synovial fluid. Pain and severe swelling may be caused by other causes, the establishment of which is possible only when referring to a specialist.
Why swollen knee without a bruise?
Almost all diseases of the joints are accompanied not only by pain, but also by severe swelling around the patella (painful walking, bending the leg). In this case, the appearance of a bruise is not necessary. The swelling may be different in size: from almost imperceptible to very strong edema, reaching 8 cm. At the same time, the patient experiences severe discomfort, the area above the knee and under it blushes, the leg is heavily bent. Pain and swelling interfere with a normal life, moving is difficult. At the very beginning, the swelling may not be noticed. In some cases, in order to identify a pathology, it is required to do an x-ray or an MRI.
Causes of a tumor in the knee joint may be different. It is possible that a tumor without bruising is a consequence of osteochondrosis or even infringement of vertebrae in the lower back. It can not hurt near the place of pinching, but on the side or behind the patella.
The causes of pain in the knee joint are also damage to bones, nerve fibers, lymph nodes, muscles, and vessels.
If the knee is very swollen, but there are no signs of injury, then a knee calyx shift or its deformation is possible. It is not excluded rupture of ligaments, the signs of which are swollen knee, strong swelling around the calyx, increased temperature of the diseased area. Other factors that cause swelling and pain in the joint are:
- The inflammatory process, as evidenced by hard stiff knee and sharp pain that makes it impossible any movement.
- Arthritis caused by various knee injuries, degenerative changes or infections.
- Impaired metabolism called gout. The knee will hurt occasionally, and the swelling from time to time to ease.
If the doctor diagnosed arthritis, the treatment is prescribed a long and complex treatment.
Why the knee joint is swollen and hurts?
If swollen knee due to injury, and the leg badly bent in the area of the Cup (ill veins, bursitis of the knee, in flexion pain, knee is hot to the touch), then deal with the painful symptoms will only help the treatment. That is why many who suffer from the discomfort and does not appeal in a timely manner to the specialist experience chronic leg pain, which can develop into serious complications.
You can get rid of the problem in several ways:
- Treatment using medicines.
- Surgical intervention.
Treatment with the use of medicines is aimed at complete restoration of the affected area, as well as inhibition of the destruction of tissues. The most commonly used are dietary supplements and vitamins, as well as hormones and chondroprotectors.
Physiotherapy methods help to quickly restore not only the swollen knee, but also improve the overall well-being of the patient. The most common procedures are ultrasound, laser, and also magnetotherapy.
The operation is required only if a serious illness with complications is diagnosed: a swollen and swollen knee due to arthritis or ligament rupture.
How to remove swelling in the knee yourself?
At the appearance of edema requires, first apply a bandage to the affected area to limit mobility of the joint. After that you should take any painkilling drug. In addition, a raised, tender spot it is recommended to cool for 15 minutes using ice.
Of popular methods, vodka with sorrel colors is well suited. Infusion of half a liter of vodka and 50 g of sorrel before use should stand for about 2 weeks.
But it is better, of course, not to engage in self-medication.
Who to contact if swollen knee?
When pain and edema appear, contact a surgeon, orthopedist or osteopath as soon as possible. These specialists will help not only to get rid of painful sensations, but also from a possible operation.